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Resp review - NAME LAB TIME/DATE Anatomy of the Respiratory...

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LAB TIME/DATE NAME _ Anatomy ofthe Respiratory System Upper and Lower RespiratorySystem Structures 1. Complete the labeling of the diagram of the upper respiratory structures (sagittal section). Frontal sinus~ Cribriform plate of ethmoid bone Iliil'l~\ Superior concha W~\\~" Middle concha ~oo CJ Inferiorconcha ~ - External nares (nostril) L?~=_=-~~~~~~~ Thyroid gland ----------+ Sphenoidal sinus Hard palate Soft palate ----, Tongue ----- Lingual tonsil ----7-'ifi> Epiglottis -----f--;f. Hyoid bone -------"-~ Pharyngeal tonsil Opening of auditory tube or eustachian tube or pharyngotympanic tube -rr,--HTirr-"""'7"<:::'Z7""--i---- Nasopharynx ,**~H-+--:",,"----f--- Posterior nasal apeture (internal nares) Vocal fold (true vocal cord) Trachea -------------,/f----'if;- 2. Two pairs of vocal folds are found in the larynx. Which pair are the true vocal cords (superior or inferior)? Inferior 3. Name the specific cartilages in the larynx that correspond to the following descriptions. forms the Adam's apple: _th .... ::.y_ro_i_d _ shaped like a signet ring: _c_r_ic_o_id _ a "lid" for the larynx: _e"-p-=ig_lo_t_tis _ vocal cord attachment: _a_r_yt_e_l1o_i_d _ 243
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4. What is the significance of the fact that the human trachea is reinforced with cartilaginous rings? Prevents its collapse during pressure changes occurring during breathing.
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