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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 8 and 10 Personality a persons internally based characteristic ways of acting and thinking I nternally based characteristics aka personality traits Greeks mental health (personality) balance of 4 humors/bodily fluids (black bile, yellow bile, blood and phlegm) 4 Major types of theories Psychoanalytic interaction of unconscious forces and childhood experiences Humanistic emphasize the personal growth motive Social-cognitive emphasize the importance of thought processes and interaction w/ others T rait emphasize the role of basic personality dimensions (non-therapeutic approach, instead descriptive; lead to personality test) F reud and classical psychoanalytic theory late 19 th century Different levels of awareness Conscious mind (short term memory) Freuds term for what you are presently aware of Preconscious mind ( long term memory ) Freuds term for what is stored in your memory that you are not presently aware of but can access Unconscious mind Freuds term for the part of our mind that we cannot become aware of 3 part personality structure I D the original personality that the others come from; present at birth; includes biological instinctual drives (unconscious level of awareness) Pleasure principle immediate gratification for these drives w/o concern for the consequences ex. spoiled child Ego begins developing during the 1 st year of life and finds realistic outlets for the IDs needs; protects personality while satisfying the ID; finds realistic outlets for the IDs instinctual drives; mediator (in all 3 levels of awareness) Reality principle finding gratification for instinctual drives within the constraints of reality (norms of society) Superego represents the conscience and idealized standards of behavior in a particular culture; emerges from ID; and develops during childhood (in all 3 levels of awareness) ; morality principle...
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