Psy Review Exam 4 - Ch 8 and 10 Personality – a...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 8 and 10 Personality – a person’s internally based characteristic ways of acting and thinking I nternally based characteristics aka “personality traits” Greeks – mental health (personality) – balance of 4 humors/bodily fluids (black bile, yellow bile, blood and phlegm) 4 Major types of theories Psychoanalytic – interaction of unconscious forces and childhood experiences Humanistic – emphasize the personal growth motive Social-cognitive – emphasize the importance of thought processes and interaction w/ others T rait – emphasize the role of basic personality dimensions (non-therapeutic approach, instead descriptive; lead to personality test) F reud and classical psychoanalytic theory – late 19 th century Different levels of awareness Conscious mind (short term memory) – Freud’s term for what you are presently aware of Preconscious mind ( long term memory ) – Freud’s term for what is stored in your memory that you are not presently aware of but can access Unconscious mind – Freud’s term for the part of our mind that we cannot become aware of 3 part personality structure I D – the original personality that the others come from; present at birth; includes biological instinctual drives (unconscious level of awareness) Pleasure principle – immediate gratification for these drives w/o concern for the consequences ex. spoiled child Ego – begins developing during the 1 st year of life and finds realistic outlets for the ID’s needs; protects personality while satisfying the ID; finds realistic outlets for the ID’s instinctual drives; mediator (in all 3 levels of awareness) Reality principle – finding gratification for instinctual drives within the constraints of reality (norms of society) Superego – represents the conscience and idealized standards of behavior in a particular culture; emerges from ID; and develops during childhood (in all 3 levels of awareness) ; morality principle...
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This note was uploaded on 08/19/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Dobson during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Psy Review Exam 4 - Ch 8 and 10 Personality – a...

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