Study Guide POS2041 - ` ` STUDY GUIDE FIRST EXAM The exam...

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` ` STUDY GUIDE – FIRST EXAM The exam will consist of 47 multiple choice questions. You should arrive on time and bring a number two pencil. You will have 50 minutes to complete the exam. The following are “key terms” for you to focus your studying on. They come from the end of each chapter in the textbook assigned up through the exam. I have taken some terms out from the lists at the end of the chapters that are not as critical for purposes of studying for the exam. If the terms were not covered in the chapters, this means they were in the lectures or videos. With regard to the Constitution (and other topics), you do not have to know specific dates such as what year the constitution was ratified. You DO need to know concepts and terms such as natural rights, separation of powers, the Anti-Federalists, etc. If certain scholars or theorists were mentioned in lecture and discussed at some length, you should know them by name (e.g. John Locke, Charles Beard). You do not need to know each amendment word for word. But you should know, for example, that the lst amendment protects freedom of speech and religion, and the 2nd protects the right to bear arms. With regard to Supreme Court decisions on civil liberties and civil rights: The exam will not ask about any case by name. Instead, you should know what the Court has had to say in various areas such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, etc. What has the court said is constitutional and what has it said is not constitutionally permissible? For example, what the Court has ruled regarding flag burning, or abortion? You should also think about more general themes that were discussed in the textbook and in class. For example: What does it mean to say America has a liberal culture, where do we get this culture from, and what arguments against the existence of a single American political culture might be made? IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS ABOUT SPECIFIC TERMS, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR TA FIRST AND THEN, IF YOU STILL HAVE QUESTIONS, CONTACT THE INSTRUCTOR.
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Chapter 1 Aristocracy Government of the few in which the leaders are meritorious and chosen by virtue of their birth into noble families Constituency The group of those who are legally entitled to vote for an office holder Democracy Government where all citizens share the power Direct democracy Government in which all citizens participate personally in making decisions Citizens participate in democratic deliberation and can reach a consensus,, appreciate different views, become more public-spirited and community-minded Transform private into public and conflict into cooperation Electoral Incentive Desire to be elected or reelected to office that compels officials to represent the views of their different constituencies Government Institution in society holding a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force It protects citizens from unlawful activity; regulates social and economic relationships; provides services; defends the country from foreign aggression
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