Notes - 1/12/2010 Consensus Theory: DeToqueville, Hartz...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/12/2010 Consensus Theory: DeToqueville, Hartz Critiques of unified political culture/consensus theory 1. Alternative philosophies/beliefs (civic republicanism{on public good}, communism) 2. Inegalitarian beliefs 3. Different cultures within states, region Hartz(dark side of political consensus)/DeToq(happier side) agreed that we lack an argument against feudalism because it has never happened DT no great disparities in poverty and rich Argument against consensus theory-look at the history in which people were unable to vote Daniel Elazor(1969-Cities of the Prairie)-divided states into 3 cultures- moralists(Northern US, New England, emphasize government is a positive instrument for the social good, promote general welfare; politicians are selfless) , individualists(Middle States, Ohio, Illinois, traditionalists Defense of Unified, coherent political culture (consensus theory) Compare political beliefs of American citizens to beliefs of citizens: Show there is a clear commonality of beliefs that distinguishes us from other nations, including other advanced industrial democracies Government Intervention in the economy: US (29%), Australia(44), W. Germany(61), Netherlands(65), Italy (81) Government and the unemployed: US(21), Australia(38), Netherlands(50), UK(65), W. Germany (66), I taly(68) Getting ahead in life(what is more important to you as an individual): US(72), Australia(61), Italy(45), Germany(40), Britain(37) Sources of Liberal political culture Political socialization Institutions create culture Self selection of immigrants 1/26/2010 Why growth of national government (scope and powers) over time? Expansion of country o Technological change o Supreme Court o Population growth/immigration o Industrial development o War/foreign affairs o Economic crises Theories of the relationship between national and state governments Doctrine of nullification (alien and sedition act) Dual sovereignty- layer cake (emphasizes power of the states rather than the national government o government should rule only by its enumerated powers o limited set of constitutional purposes- defense of nation against foreign powers o each government unit national and state is sovereign in its own sphere o Government practices is characterized by tension not cooperation Cooperative federalism- marble cake o Powers of state and national government arent distinguishable o Cooperation is determined o Federal Grants Categorical grants (targets a specific purpose and places a limit on the government once it receives it i.e. history enrichment)government once it receives it i....
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Notes - 1/12/2010 Consensus Theory: DeToqueville, Hartz...

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