Notes2 - 2/16/2010 Public Opinion Related to political...

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2/16/2010 Public Opinion Related to political culture but not exactly the same o Political culture is more constant over time while PO can change over time with regards to preference (responds to various things) EX Gay Marriage acceptance o Refers to specific opinions specifically about issues o Polling is a tool we use to find what the public believe Surveys on various issues Interviewing a limited number the n drawing inferences for the population as a whole Make inferences based on the party affiliation, independent voters are volatile because they can go either way Based off of Class poll, Obama would win the election Polling Unbiased Sample- an equal chance of being chosen o Random digit dialing o Phone surveys may be biased, adults work 9-5, women are more likely to be reached if they are homemakers Random Sample Stratified Sample- try and make the sample more representative of the true population o Sampling Error/Margin of Error o Sample 1500, margin of error 3% o Sampling error-
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Exit polling- political campaign organizations send people to complete survey on how people voted on past elections o People may lie on the forms o Phone surveys ma Polls may be misleading due to question wording- words must be arbitrary, and not push people in a certain direction Distribution of Public Opinion Skewed- Most people fall into one response category o Do you favor or oppose the death penalty- ¾ will say YES 10% don’t know Bimodal- two peaks o People would divide equally among the decisions o Is homosexuality a choice o Policy issues are under this sample- shows possibility for political conflict Normal- bell curve o Most people are in the middle of the distribution Stability of public opinion Ideology- Liberal, Conservative, Populism, Libertarianism, Communitarianism o Ideology is a system of beliefs where one or more organizing principles connects to political views o Liberalism- evolved from 18 th century, Jefferson, defended rights of individuals, freedom from government, Modern Liberalists now support power of national and state government o Conservatives- Hamilton believed in strong national government Devolution of power from national government
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o Populism-conservative in that they dislike the government in supporting the rights of the citizens, liberal in that government does need to regulate order o Libertarianism- Liberal in that emphasize civil liberties (freedom from
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Notes2 - 2/16/2010 Public Opinion Related to political...

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