ENY Study Questions- 1

ENY Study - Chapter 1 1 What did the idea of classification have to do with the Biblical story of Adam and Even i n the Garden of Eden Adam and Eve

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Chapter 1 1. What did the idea of “classification” have to do with the Biblical story of Adam and Even in the Garden of Eden? Adam and Eve were the first recorded people who were given the task to “name all the creatures of the earth” 2. What was the Historia Animalium and who wrote it? Aristotle classification of insects on whether they were winged-divided according to type and number of wings- or not wingless 3. Who was Pliny the Elder and what did he do of importance? Offered an interpretation of insect classification after Aristotle in Historia Naturalis in 37 volumes that were referred to over 1400 years; was translated by Philemon Holland in 1601 4. What was the original meaning of the word “bug”? Ghost or Hobgoblin 5. Why will Linnaeus forever have a primary role in classification? He began the system of binomial nomenclature – Systema Naturae 6. What does the word Arthropod literally mean? “Jointed foot” 7. Which two Chelicerates are exclusively marine in habitat? Horseshoe Crabs and Sea Spiders 8. What is the literal meaning of Diplopod and Chilopod? What kind of bugs are these? Diplopod- two legs per visible segment-millipedes. Chilopod- chilioi means thousand in Greek-have one single pair of legs per segment-centipede 9. What group of bugs lays claim to being the dominant life form on Earth? The class Insecta
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1. Most of the problems insects have can be traced to what simple relationship? Surface Area/Volume relationship- surface area increases in proportion to square of length and volume increases with cube of length; as insects get larger they have less surface area 2. What is an exoskeleton? An epicuticle? An exoskeleton is the external skeleton- made up of the cuticle (endocuticle, exocuticle, and epicuticle). Epicuticle is the waterproofing layer 3. What is the single largest problem associated with having an exoskeleton? The exoskeleton does not grow with the organism and must be shed in order to increase size, somewhat limiting their growth. 4. What does the Greek word ekdysis mean and what does it have to do with insect growth? “Getting out” and refers to the molting or shedding skin 5. How do insects breathe if they have an exoskeleton? There are a system of tubes(tracheal respiratory system) that connect to the outside through spiracles on the body 6. What are the pros and cons of wings on bugs? How have insects coped? Pros-Allows for greater distances to be covered esp. in foraging for food, travel to new habitats when current one is unsuitable, avoid earthbound enemies. Cons-requires more energy, cannot be replaced due to lack of epidermal tissue in cuticle 7. Why are bugs that do not have a specialized oxygen delivery system so small? Because they must adapt to their environment, and being smaller allows for more
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This note was uploaded on 08/19/2011 for the course ENY 1001 taught by Professor Barfield during the Fall '11 term at University of Florida.

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ENY Study - Chapter 1 1 What did the idea of classification have to do with the Biblical story of Adam and Even i n the Garden of Eden Adam and Eve

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