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1LANGUAGE, LITERACY AND COMMUNICATION Effects of Oral Language Lorraine Rosario ECS 425Grand Canyon University January 8, 2020
2LANGUAGE, LITERACY AND COMMUNICATION Oral language is the first literacy that children are introduced to. They hear voices from the time they are born saying words to them and as time goes on the words begin to have meaning to them. Along with words gaining meaning for children so will the letters that make upthe words. The constant use of words and the child hearing the sounds helps them to recognize the differences in tone when different words are said. A child learns their name through repetitionin hearing it being called. They begin to comprehend their written name when it is written through consistently seeing their name. Writing their name through copying is a way that students will begin to express their writing skills (Morrow, 2015). Since children are always hearing the people around them speaking, they are building a foundation to use later one in life. Teachers can use this foundation to help build the child’s reading effectiveness. This can be done through the activating strategy which has students to “recall relevant prior knowledge and experiences from long term memory” (McEwan, 2007). A teacher reading a book about fireworks can have the students recall the first time they saw them was it for the fourth of July, was it for the new year’s? This will now help the students to relate tothe words in the book by recalling their own experience. Another strategy that teachers can use is monitoring/clarifying which helps students to think about what is being read and checking in to see if they are comprehending the text (McEwan, 2007). Stopping during the reading and asking the students what they think is going tohappen next, or what has happened so far are good ways of getting to see if they are comprehending the reading. This can be done even with just reading the title of the book and asking the students what they think the book is going to be about just by the title. Then after the story is read ask them if the book lined up with their initial thought about the context.