Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances - Each branch of government has certain...

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. Each branch of government has certain powers, and each of these powers is limited, or checked, by another branch. The President appoints judges and secretaries of departments. These appointments must be approved by the Senate. The Congress can pass laws, but the President can veto them. The Supreme Court can rule a law unconstitutional, but the Congress, with the States, has the power to amend the Constitution. All of these checks and balances force the different branches to be accountable to the others, no one branch can take over enough power to become dominant over the others. The Executive branch has these powers: veto power over all bills; appointing judges and other officials; making treaties; ensuring all laws are carried out; commander in chief of the military; pardon power. The Executive Branch has these Checks on the Legislature: veto power, the Vice President is President of the Senate, the President is Commander in chief of the military, he has the power to make recess appointments and to call one or both houses of Congress into emergency session. He may force adjournment when both houses cannot agree to. They have these checks on the Judiciary : the power to appoint judges and the power to grant pardons. The Vice President and Cabinet can vote if the President is unable to discharge his duties. The Legislature has these powers: passing all federal laws; establishing all lower federal courts; can override a Presidential veto; can impeach the President. The Legislative Branch has these checks on the Executive branch: impeachment power (House), trial of impeachments (Senate), the selection of the President (House) and Vice President (Senate) in the case there is no majority of electoral votes. They may override Presidential vetoes. The Senate approves departmental appointments, treaties and ambassadors. They have to approve of a replacement Vice President. They have the power to declare war, enact taxes and allocate funds. The legislature has these checks on the Judiciary: the Senate approves federal judges, the House has impeachment power, the Senate runs the trials of impeachments. They have the power to make constitutional amendments and to set courts below the Supreme Court. They have the power to set jurisdiction of courts. The checks on the Legislature are unique. Because it is has two houses, the Legislative branch checks itself, to a certain degree. Bills must be passed by both houses of Congress. The House must start up revenue bills. Neither house can adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other house. And all journals are to be published. The Judiciary has these powers: the power to try federal cases and interpret the laws of the
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course POLITICAL 101 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '10 term at Keystone.

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Checks and Balances - Each branch of government has certain...

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