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Environmental Science Exam

Environmental Science Exam - 33 Using two or three...

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33. Using two or three well-developed paragraphs, write the names of the six kingdoms of organisms. Identify several characteristics of each kingdom. The Six Kingdoms are Plants, Animals, Protists, Fungi, Archaebacteria, and Eubacteria. Plants are all multicellular and are made up of complex cells. Plants are autotrophs, organisms that make their own food. With over 250,000 species, the plant kingdom is the second largest kingdom. The animal kingdom is the largest kingdom with over 1 million known species. All animals consist of many complex cells. They are also heterotrophs, they do not produce their own food. Archaebacteria are unicellular (one cell) organisms found in extreme environments such as hot boiling water and thermal vents under conditions with no oxygen or highly acid environments. Like archaebacteria, eubacteria are complex and single celled. Most bacteria are in the kingdom eubacteria. They are the kinds found everywhere and are the ones people are most familiar with. Eubacteria are classified in their own kingdom because their chemical makeup is different. Mushrooms, mold and mildew are all examples of organisms in the kingdom fungi.
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