Hermann Rorschach was born on November 8, 1884, in Zurich, Switzerland. As a child he was
fascinated with random designs. His nickname as a child was "Kleck," which was German for
"inkblot." Rorschach went to college to get a degree in medicine. He went to several medical
schools, including Neuchâtel, Zurich, and Bern in Switzerland and Berlin in Germany. He
graduated from the university in Zurich after five years. At the school in Zurich, he was one of
Eugene Bleuler’s best students. He spent time working in the psychiatric ward of the university
hospital. In 1909, he spent his residency at a mental institution in Munsterlingen, Switzerland.
While there, he met a Russian employee named Olga Stempelin, who he married in 1910. They
had two children, Elizabeth, born in 1917, and Wadin, born in 1919.
In 1912, Rorschach earned a degree as a doctor of medicine at the University of Zurich. In
position at mental hospital in Moscow, Russia. In 1914, Rorschach he worked
as a resident physician at the Waldau Mental Hospital in Bern, Switzerland. In 1916 he went to
work at the Krombach Mental Hospital in Appenzell, Switzerland. He was elected vice president
of the Swiss Psychoanalytic Society in 1919.
Rorschach’s theory involved the use of inkblot tests to project something about an individual’s
personality. It is known as a famous projective psychological technique. In the process of the
test, an examiner hands 10 inkblots one at a time in a set order to the person, who tells the
examiner what each inkblot looks like to them. Five of the inkblots have color; five of them are in
shades of black and gray. The subjects are allowed to rotate the pictures. The response an
individual has to the inkblots supposedly tells things about a person’s personality and mental
health. They say those who see moving animals, for instance, are impulsive. Or if they see a
blot’s “blackness” it means they are depressed.
Rohrschach first came out with his famous test in1921. By 1945 it was at the height of its
popularity. In the 1950’s, researchers discovered that psychologists were understanding the
same responses in different ways. They also noted that that certain responses did not go along