HIS103, Wednesday, May 18, 2011

HIS103, Wednesday, May 18, 2011 - HIS103 Wednesday Sign up...

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HIS103, Wednesday, May 18, 2011 - Sign up for tutorials: Course tools UT Self Sign-Up Pick tutorial time o Wednesday 3:00/4:00/5:00 o Thursday 5:00/6:00 - Sign-up starts at 10:00 p.m. tonight, limited spaces - Last Class: - Looked at the major large picture of international relation- strategy and statecraft - Primary motivation of a state- survival - What type of actions employed to achieve national interest and security - Negotiation, diplomacy, war- war is always risky - Best results always came achieved/maintained when there were international organizations in place - Individuals states cannot guarantee collective security - Peace of Westphalia - Beginning, moment of modern international relations - Principals and laws laid down then mid-17 th century still very much the same that we follow today - For the foreseeable future, we will practice the same principals, nobody has come up with a better idea - Principals: o 1.) Initiated for the first time- every single major war must be concluded by a major peace treaty o Still follow the same example, handful of exceptions from this war (Korean- truce no peace treaty signed, WWII- no negotiations, peace imposed in Germany) o 2.) Try to eliminate all outstanding territorial issues o 3.) Negotiation/Diplomacy is to be used in all of these instances - Constant interplay of negotiations that ensure the balance of power - Rosseau- PoW cornerstone of central European stability - Thirty Years War - Initiated treaty of Westphalia - Considered much more devastating, proportionally, than WWII - 30 years war wiped out no less than 30% of Germanic population, 5 million perished in the conflict - Two factors made it destructive: o 1.) Schism of the Church o 2.) Breakthrough in military technology- gunpowder, professional soldiers, standing armies - Convergence of these two factors made war so bloody that peace treaty must ensure that it never happens again - Schism of the Church: o Oct 1517, Martin Luther nailed 95 thesis to church door- criticism of the church
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o Critiquing of the Church’s practice of indulgences, letter of approval that guaranteed access to heaven o Pope declared Luther a heretic o Criticized moral corruption, church being necessary for humanity and
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course HIS 103 taught by Professor Smyth during the Summer '08 term at University of Toronto.

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HIS103, Wednesday, May 18, 2011 - HIS103 Wednesday Sign up...

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