Lecture 10-Fungi - Lecture Outline 10 Fungi I What are...

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Lecture Outline 10 – Fungi I. What are fungi? A. Eukaryotes. B. Cell walls of chitin B. Closely related to animals 1. Flagellated single cell ancestor diverged 1 BYA C. Absorptive heterotrophs Absorptive heterotrophs- absorb their food 1. Secrete exoenzymes- digest food outside of their body, the food is obtained from a variety of sources D. Exhibit many different lifestyles (e.g. decomposers, parasitic, or mutualistic) II. Form and Function A. Single cell 1. Yeasts. reproduce via asexual budding 31.7 B. Multicellular 1. Hyphae – filamentous cell (look like spider webs) a. Septate- separations between the cell, allow ribosome and mitochondria to pass through b. Coenocytic- one long filament, multi nucleated 2. Mycelium - hyphae mass; main body of fungi; persists mostly underground, only pop out of ground to reproduce 3. Specialized hyphae a. Haustoria – specialized hyphae; exchanges (mutualistic)/ extracts nutrients (parasitic) 1. Mycorrhizae – associated w/ plant roots; improves water /
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This note was uploaded on 08/19/2011 for the course BSC2011C 2011 taught by Professor Fedorka/song during the Spring '11 term at University of Central Florida.

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Lecture 10-Fungi - Lecture Outline 10 Fungi I What are...

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