I affirm, economic sanctions ought not be used to achieve foreign policy objectives.
Economic sanctions are coercive economic measures taken against one or more countries
to force a change in policies, or at least to demonstrate a country's opinion about the
other's policies. (CRS Report for Congress, 1997).
objectives of foreign policy are the
furtherance of the interests of the nation concerned, the available means to achieve them
are essentially psychological, economic ,and military (Donald Kingsley, Duke University
School of Law)
The value for the round is justice, giving each their due.
Prefer this value because justice
is an umbrella value and all other values fall under this category.
For example, each is
due a sense of morality, each is due life, each is due human rights, freedom, etc.
Harsanyi provides a more nuanced definition of justice.
John Harsanyi explains, (prof. of economics at UC Berkeley, 1982
(John, “Utilitarianism and
Beyond”, p. 26-7)
Some further notes on this suggestion will be in place here. First,
it is sometimes alleged that justice has to be at odds
with utility. But if we ask how we are to be just between the competing interests of
different people, it seems hard to give any other answer than it is by giving equal
weight, impartially to the interests of everybody. And this is precisely what yields the
utility principle. It does not necessarily yield equality in the resulting distribution.
There are certainly very good utilitarian reasons for seeking equality in distribution too;
but justice is something distinct. The utilitarian is sometimes said to be indifferent
between equal and unequal distributions provided that total utility is equal.
This is so; but it conceals
two important utilitarian grounds for a fairly high degree of actual goods (tempered, of course, as in most systems including Rawls’s by various advantages that are secured by
moderate inequalities). The second is that inequalities tend to produce, at any rate in educated societies, envy hatred and malice whose disutility needs no emphasizing. I am
convinced that when these two factors are taken into account, utilitarians have no feed to fear the accusation that they could favor extreme inequalities of distribution in actual
modern societies. Fantastic hypothetical cases can no doubt be invented in which they would have to favor them; but as, as we shall see, this is an illegitimate form of
This means that deontological conceptions are incoherent.
The only way to actually
measure the most just option is by an ends based calculus.
Also, the resolution is asking
about a particular policy so we have to view the round with by a policy-making
Because you are acting as the government of a state, we need to examine what that role