Elsbeth AC

Elsbeth AC - I affirm, economic sanctions ought not be used...

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I affirm, economic sanctions ought not be used to achieve foreign policy objectives. Economic sanctions are coercive economic measures taken against one or more countries to force a change in policies, or at least to demonstrate a country's opinion about the other's policies. (CRS Report for Congress, 1997). objectives of foreign policy are the furtherance of the interests of the nation concerned, the available means to achieve them are essentially psychological, economic ,and military (Donald Kingsley, Duke University School of Law) The value for the round is justice, giving each their due. Prefer this value because justice is an umbrella value and all other values fall under this category. For example, each is due a sense of morality, each is due life, each is due human rights, freedom, etc. Harsanyi provides a more nuanced definition of justice. John Harsanyi explains, (prof. of economics at UC Berkeley, 1982 (John, “Utilitarianism and Beyond”, p. 26-7) Some further notes on this suggestion will be in place here. First, it is sometimes alleged that justice has to be at odds with utility. But if we ask how we are to be just between the competing interests of different people, it seems hard to give any other answer than it is by giving equal weight, impartially to the interests of everybody. And this is precisely what yields the utility principle. It does not necessarily yield equality in the resulting distribution. There are certainly very good utilitarian reasons for seeking equality in distribution too; but justice is something distinct. The utilitarian is sometimes said to be indifferent between equal and unequal distributions provided that total utility is equal. This is so; but it conceals two important utilitarian grounds for a fairly high degree of actual goods (tempered, of course, as in most systems including Rawls’s by various advantages that are secured by moderate inequalities). The second is that inequalities tend to produce, at any rate in educated societies, envy hatred and malice whose disutility needs no emphasizing. I am convinced that when these two factors are taken into account, utilitarians have no feed to fear the accusation that they could favor extreme inequalities of distribution in actual modern societies. Fantastic hypothetical cases can no doubt be invented in which they would have to favor them; but as, as we shall see, this is an illegitimate form of argument . This means that deontological conceptions are incoherent. The only way to actually measure the most just option is by an ends based calculus. Also, the resolution is asking about a particular policy so we have to view the round with by a policy-making framework. Because you are acting as the government of a state, we need to examine what that role
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course US 122 taught by Professor Trelawney during the Spring '10 term at Colby-Sawyer.

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Elsbeth AC - I affirm, economic sanctions ought not be used...

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