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Neg Blocks - Neg Blocks Sanctions Efficacy Economic...

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Neg Blocks Sanctions Efficacy Economic sanctions work a select portion of the time – thus we should use them selectively Hufbauer, Shott, and Elliott 1990 Economic Sanctions Reconsidered: History and Current Policy . Gary Clyde Hufbauer and Jeffrey J. Schott . Washington Institute for International Economics ... Sanctions have been successful – by our definition – in 34 percent of the cases overall. However, the success rate importantly depends on the type of policy or governmental change sought. Episodes involving destabilization succeeded in half the cases usually against target countries that were small and shaky. Cases involving modest goals and attempts to disrupt minor military adventures were successful about a third of the time. Efforts to impair a foreign adversary’s military potential, or otherwise to change its policies in a major way, succeeded only infrequently. Studies that say sanctions don’t work use flawed methodology Nikolay Marinov Do Economic Sanctions Destabilize Country Leaders? American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 49, No. 3 (Jul., 2005), pp. 564- 576 I would argue that the alleged ineffectiveness of eco- nomic pressure may, in part, be due to faulty analysis. By examining only cases where sanctions were imposed, the literature has engaged in a classic case of selecting on the dependent variable. To find out how effective sanctions truly are, sound methodology requires that we compare policy outcomes with and without foreign pressure. Only by examining how much policy is changed in the case sanctions are imposed relative to where they are not, can we establish a reliable measure of the success rate of economic pressure. Surprisingly, no prior study takes this approach. This means that, for all we know, sanctions may be more effective than both their proponents and critics maintain. UN Multilateral sanctions have much clearly defined goals and therefore much higher chance of success Kimberly Ann Elliott. WILL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS WORK AGAINST NORTH KOREA? Nautilus Institute. June 22, 1994. http://www.nautilus.org/archives/pub/ftp/napsnet/papers/elliott0694.txt In sum, economic sanctions succeed when the economic and political costs of the sanctions to the target outweigh the costs it expects to incur from complying. Multilateral sanctions under the auspices of the United Nations typically involve
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ambitious objectives, which runs counter to the first finding that sanctions are a limited instrument that work best to achieve relatively modest, clearly defined goals. However, international cooperation is also likely to be more extensive under a UN mandate than otherwise, which may allow more ambitious objectives to be achieved. Thus, UN sanctions are likely to involve both higher costs of compliance, because the objective will be ambitious, and higher costs of defiance, because the sanctions are likely to be more comprehensive in scope.
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