SHM Lab Blocks-Master File

SHM Lab Blocks-Master File - Switala,Houston,MasseyLAB NDF...

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Switala, Houston, Massey LAB NDF B LOCKS 2010 Block Master FIle A/T: ES DECREASES DEMOCRACY. ......................................................................................................................................... 13 A/T: Blood Diamonds/South Africa. ........................................................................................ 26 /Joy Gordon 1999 (Prof at Fairfield University) “A Peaceful, Silent, Deadly Remedy: The Ethics of Economic Sanctions” Ethics and International Affairs No. 13, pg. WilsonWeb/. ................................................................. 40 Large and diversified economies are virtually immune to sanctions, since they have the economic flexibility to pay higher costs in the short run, and to make structural changes in the long run. Hufbauer, Schott, and Elliott note that nations with weak or unstable economies therefore make the best targets for economic sanctions. In a section entitled "The Weakest Go to the Wall," they argue that "there seems to be a direct correlation between the political and economic health of the target country and its susceptibility to economic pressure," and suggest that their data "demonstrate that countries in distress or experiencing significant problems are far more likely to succumb to coercion by the sender country.” They conclude with a list of "dos and don'ts" for those imposing sanctions, including "Do pick on the weak and helpless." Their analysis of the cases indicates that sanctions are most effective when the target is much smaller than the country imposing sanctions, and economically weak and politically unstable. In successful cases, the average sender's economy was 187 times larger than that of the average target. Thus, sanctions offer themselves solely as mechanisms that strong nations with large economies, or international alliances including strong nations with large economies, can effectively use against countries with weak or import-dependent economies, or countries with unstable governments. The reverse is not true -- sanctions are not a device realistically available to small or poor nations that can be used with any significant impact against large or economically dominant nations, even if the latter were to, say, engage in aggression or human rights violations, or otherwise offend the international community. This has been obvious since the reformulation of sanctions as a tool of international law. ......................... 40 ***A2:AFF*** -INDEX-
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Switala, Houston, Massey LAB NDF B LOCKS 2010 A2: GORDON A. JOY GORDON’S FOCUSES ONLY ON THE MOST EXTREME WORST CASES OF SANCTIONS George A. Lopez , Ed. of Economic Sanctions: Panacea or Peacebuilding in a Post-Cold War World, December 4, 19 99 , “More Ethical than Not: Sanctions as Surgical Tools, RESPONSE TO ‘A PEACEFUL, SILENT, DEADLY REMEDY,’” Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 13, ACC. 12-3-2009, http://www.cceia.org/resources/ journal/13/debate/467.html Much of Gordon’s Kantian and utilitarian analysis constitutes a serious policy evaluation of sanctions. Her conclusion from the application of these frameworks
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SHM Lab Blocks-Master File - Switala,Houston,MasseyLAB NDF...

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