Symbolism NC

Symbolism NC - Symbolism NC The resolution implicates some...

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Symbolism NC The resolution implicates some form of moral obligation due to the word ought. Thus, the value is morality. The value of objects is conditional on a rational will conferring that value; no object is “naturally” valuable. This necessitates treating those with a will as ends in themselves. Christine Korsgaard writes, 1 In order for there to be objectively good ends, however, [T]here must be something that is unconditionally good and so can serve as a sufficient condition of the ir goodness [of things] . Kant considers what this might be : [I]t cannot be an object of inclination, for those have only a conditional worth, “for if the inclinations and the needs founded on them did not exist, their object would be without worth” (G 46/428). It cannot be the inclinations themselves because a rational being would rather be free from them. Nor can it be external things, which serve only as means. So, Kant asserts, the unconditionally valuable thing must be “humanity” or “rational nature,” which he defines as “the power to set an end” (G 56/437 and DV 51/392). Kant explains that regarding your existence as a rational being in itself is a “subjective principle of human action.” By this I understand him to mean that [W]e must regard ourselves as capable of conferring value upon the objects of our choice, the ends that we set, because we must regard our ends as good. But since “every other rational being thinks of his existence by the same rational ground which holds also for himself” (G 47/429), we must regard others as capable of conferring value by reason of their rational choices and so also as ends in themselves. Treating another as an end in itself thus involves making that person's ends as far as possible your own (G 49/430). The ends that are chosen by any rational being, possessed of the humanity or rational nature that is fully realized in a good will, take on the status of objective goods. Korsgaard describes the meta-ethical basis for moral value. If I win Korsgaard, you accept the Aff. Standard because meta-ethics is the only way to stop the regression of ethical theories.
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course US 122 taught by Professor Trelawney during the Spring '10 term at Colby-Sawyer.

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Symbolism NC - Symbolism NC The resolution implicates some...

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