Contractualism AC

Contractualism AC - I affirm. According to Walter...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I affirm. According to Walter Sinott-Armstrong 1 , claims That 'ought' implies 'permitted .' (4.12) follows from the standard definition of 'permitted' as 'not ought not.' (4.14) is a theorem in classical and intuitionist logic. The value is morality , defined by Bernard Gert as “a code of conduct that, given specified conditions, would be put forward by all rational persons.” 2 The best system of morality, and my standard , is contractualism , the moral principle of which is stated by T.M. Scanlon 2: “An act is wrong if its performance under the circumstances would be disallowed by any set of principles for the general regulation of behavior that no one could reasonably reject as a basis for informed, unforced, general agreement.” 3 First , the only acceptable social framework is one to which rational agents would agree to under ideal conditions. John Rawls writes: “No society can , of course, be a scheme of cooperation which men voluntarily [enter] in[to in] a literal sense; each person finds himself placed at birth in some particular position in some particular society, and the nature of this position materially affects his life prospects. Yet a society satisfying the principles of justice as fairness comes as close as a society can to being a voluntary scheme, for it meets the principles which free and equal persons would assent to under circumstances that are fair . In this sense its members are autonomous and [render] the obligations they recognize are self-imposed.” 4 Organizing society in this way avoids injection of biases and selfish policies that mar social frameworks since individuals adopt principles without knowing in advance how those principles will benefit them personally. Also , this conception of morality flows naturally from the definition of morality. Contractualism puts forth moral guidelines that all rational individuals could not reasonably reject. Universal consent can only be achieved through a contractualist method since, as Rawls points out, social biases preclude agreement. Second , given that human life is worth respecting because of the individual’s will and reasons for her desires, society must respect human life is to recognize the individual’s capacity to assess reasons and self-direct. The best way to do this is through contractualism. Scanlon 2 writes: “We cannot respond to all the reasons that every human creature has for wanting his or her life to go well; so we must select among these reasons; and we should do this in a way that recognizes the capacity of human beings , as 1 1 Moral Dilemmas and ‘Ought and Ought Not’ ( Canadian Journal of Philosophy , Vol. 17, No. 1 (Mar., 1987), pp. 127- 139 2 The Definition of Morality (Spring, 2002) Bernard Gert - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. <
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Contractualism AC - I affirm. According to Walter...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online