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Meadows LD NAME T OPIC YEAR Drug Courts Good 1
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Meadows LD NAME T OPIC YEAR RECIDIVISM Drug courts decrease recidivism, Dwight Vick writes, Dwight Vick, Ph.D. and Jennifer Lamb Keating. ARTICLE: COMMUNITY-BASED DRUG COURTS: EMPIRICAL SUCCESS. WILL SOUTH DAKOTA FOLLOW SUIT? Copyright (c) 2007 South Dakota Law Review South Dakota Law Review [Dr. Vick is currently an assistant professor of political science at University of South Dakota, Vermillion, S.D. A special thanks to Paul W. Tschetter for his assistance with formatting this article.] Focusing on recidivism rates, several studies have shown that drug court clients were significantly less likely than control subjects to not only be rearrested for a drug offense, but were also less likely to be rearrested for any type of offense. An analysis of official records collected over a two-year period confirmed that drug court reduced crime among the drug- addicted population . 122 A separate study of two drug courts over a thirty-month period revealed that graduates of drug court were much less likely to be arrested and had fewer arrests during this period compared to probationers and non-graduates. 123 This study suggested that rates of arrest during the thirty-month period declined in direct relationship to the duration of drug court [*302] involvement. 124 Furthermore, graduates of the program had lower rates of substance abuse . 125 In a different review completed by Roman, Townsend, and Bhati, 126 16.4% of a nationwide sample of seventeen thousand drug court graduates had been rearrested and charged with a felony offense within a year of program graduation. 127 Moreover, the average reconviction rate among 2,135 drug court clients was 29% lower over three years than the rate for non-drug court participants. Drug Courts are effective in preventing recidivism, Bremby writes: Larry L. Bembry [Deputy Public Defender. Drug Court Director], "Drug Courts" Office of the Public Defender. New Jersey. FD “Within three years of finishing a Drug Court program, only 14 percent of Drug Court graduates were arrested for new indictable crimes,” the Supreme Court said in its unanimous opinion. “In comparison, a 15-state study found that 67.5 percent of offenders released in 1994 had been rearrested within three years of release,” the Supreme Court opinion states. “Ninety-five percent of drug tests taken by New Jersey program participants produced negative results, and at the time of graduation, 93 percent of the participants were employed , the Supreme Court opinion continues. Uniqueness: Recidivism rates are high now, Hongo writes: Jun Hongo "Recidivism Rate reached an all-time high in 2006" The Japan Times Online (http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20071107a2.html). FD Despite an overall decline in reported crimes nationwide , those committed by repeat offenders reached a record high in 2006 , according to a Justice Ministry white paper released Tuesday. The report reveals that people with a previous record who were turned over to prosecutors for possible indictment accounted for 149,164 crimes, or 38.8 percent of all "cleared" cases in 2006
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course US 122 taught by Professor Trelawney during the Spring '10 term at Colby-Sawyer.

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