Harm Reduction Neg

Harm Reduction Neg - Meadows LD NAME TOPIC YEAR Harm...

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Meadows LD NAME T OPIC YEAR NEEDLE EXCHANGE Needle exchange programs increase drug use, Noff writes: David Noffs executive director of the Life Education Center 20 09 (David Noffs is the Founder and Executive Director of the Life Education Center, USA., headquartered in Elmhurst, Illinois. July 2009 http://www.pbs.org/wnet/closetohome/viewpoints/html/needle.html ) When first introduced in Amsterdam in 1984, and shortly thereafter at various sites in Europe and the United States , needle exchange programs were viewed as an emergency response to both the HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C epidemics . Although promoters claim that needle exchange programs do not encourage drug use, there has been a major increase in heroin use since needle exchange programs have become widespread. Heroin use by American teens has doubled in the past 5 years . Dr. Lucy Sullivan of the Australian Centre for Independent Studies states that hepatitis prevalence among intravenous drug users is 65%, suggesting that free needles are not having their intended effect of preventing exchange of body fluids . Sullivan also states that "There is no sign of an impact on the rate of decline (of HIV incidence rates) with the introduction of needle distribution in 1992." (Sullivan, 1997). Syringe Exchange is ineffective because of its policy confusion when being implemented Broadhead writes: Termination of an Established Needle-Exchange: A Study of Claims and Their Impact Robert S. Broadhead, Yaël van Hulst and Douglas D. Heckathorn Social Problems , Vol. 46, No. 1 (Feb., 1999), pp. 48-66 When the news media questioned the senior needle-exchanger about the exchanges return rate of 88 percent, he claimed that state policy allowed for such a return rate, and that a one-for-one exchange was not required. When contacted, state officials claimed otherwise and vowed to work with the program to reach a 100 percent return rate. This made the exchange appear to be operating not only in violation of state policy, but also confused about what the policy was in the first place. Shortly thereafter , the parent agency's director admitted publicly that the exchange had "fallen short of the mark," and that "we're making an executive decision to go for a 100 percent exchange rate" (Chase 1996b). This embarrassment for the needle-exchange, and the promise to improve itself, simply fueled the self-righteous indignation of its critics. Syringe Exchange Programs increase injection drug users by making needles and syringes more readily available from the AEGIS: "Needle Exchange: Executive Summary; The Impact of HIV Disease on Injection Practices." AEGiS Site Map . Web. 30 June 2010. <http://www.aegis.com/law/journals/1993/HKFNE005.html>. Opponents of needle exchange, including some law enforcement, drug treatment, and church officials, have argued that easing access will undermine the "war on drugs," both symbolically and practically, by giving rise to new ranks of injection drug users.23
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course US 122 taught by Professor Trelawney during the Spring '10 term at Colby-Sawyer.

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Harm Reduction Neg - Meadows LD NAME TOPIC YEAR Harm...

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