2.2freckelton Choice, Rationality, and Substance Dependence

2.2freckelton Choice, Rationality, and Substance Dependence...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sheet1 Page 1 Choice, Rationality, and Substance Dependence Ian Freckelton The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 2, Number 2, Spring 2002, pp. 60-61 (Article) Published by The MIT Press For additional information about this article http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ajb/summary/v002/2.2freckelton.html Access Provided by Scarsdale High School at 10/29/10 5:47AM GMT A The American Journal of Bioethics h-. 2002b. Informed consent and the capacity for voluntarism. Roberts, L. W., and B. Roberts. 1999. Psychiatric research ethi c American Journal of Psychiatry, forthcoming. an overview of evolving guidelines and current ethical dilemmas in the study of mental illness. Biological Psychiatry 46(8): 1025& 38. Choice, Rationality, and Substance Dependence Ian Freckelton, Monash University One of the difªcult issues that emerges from Louis C. Charland± s (2002) article is the nature of •addiction.& The author cites Leshner on a number of occasions in relation to the effects of addiction• to say that heroin users suffer from an x uncontrollable compulsion to seek and use drugs& (Leshner 1999, 3) and to state that the heroin user² s mind & is hijacked˝ by the drug. Charland summarizes by saying that “ addicts are no longer themselves and in that sense can no longer be considered accountable for their decision to use heroin.& I would like to question the legitimacy of the employment of such emotive language in relation to regular users of opiates. I do not suggest that frequent heroin use does not induce physical and psychological dependence, including cravings for the drug. Heroin has major lifestyle impacts for many, but to what eXtent is its use incompatible with rational decision making in such questions as whether to give up the drug, whether to enter a methadone program, or whether to receive prescribed heroin? Even the eXtent to which addiction is a useful concept in this conteXt is questionable. As Blau (1996) has argued, addiction is for the most part a lay term and generally a nebulous one:
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sheet1 Page 2 Although several generations of extensive study have been applied to this area, researchers and practitioners attempting to clarify the concept of addiction do not share a unitary set of rules or standards for understanding or treating the condition. ...Various deªnitions have been subject to change and
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course US 1 taught by Professor Trelawney during the Spring '10 term at Colby-Sawyer.

Page1 / 10

2.2freckelton Choice, Rationality, and Substance Dependence...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online