NUR 422 - Lectures

NUR 422 - Lectures - 08-02-10 What is Nursing? - To search...

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To search again. To examine carefully - Disciplined methods to answer questions or solve problems - What is Nursing? Goal : Develop new knowledge Research for clinical practice. systematic changes practice "To answer questions or solve problems of relevance to nursing." - Loiselle et al., 2011 Create new knowledge - Improve quality of care and care delivery processes - Design and test new nursing interventions - Contribute to optimal health behaviors and health outcomes - Reduce healthcare costs - Purpose of nursing research Basic research / Fundamental - Applied research / Practical - Research may be General perspective - Break down the complexity of the real world - Express what is important. Legitimate and reasonable - Research Paradigms One way of seeing things, one way to justify, standardized. - Quantitative methods - Does not tell a lot of what people are going through - Positivisst paradigm Many truth, socially constructed - Multiple realities, different perception and experiences - Qualitative methods - Meaning of disease depends on different factors for each individual - *We need both positivist and naturalistic paradigms *chart* Naturalistic paradigm Process by which nurses make clinical decisions based on the best available research evidence , their clinical practice and patient preferences , in the context of available - Evidence-based nursing practice 08-02-10 Lectures Page 1
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resources. Provides the highest quality of care - *should be called Evidence Informed Practice Improved patient outcomes - Avoidance of unnecessary procedures - Reduction of complications - *Nurses should feel empowered to change practice using proven methods *Research and Practice should come together *The problem is that the research is not being published in a common place Results in : When evidence drives clinical practice *table* Friday Nov. 5 2010 Holiday inn montreal midtown 420 sherbrooke street west, montreal, quebec, canada ___Nursing our profession ___Back to health : creating high retention environments Sept 29 and Oct 6(BScN) Palmer amphitheatre 522, mcIntyre Interprofessional teamwork 12:30 - 3:30 Sept 7 Read chap 2 Review slides on webCT Lectures Page 2
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Places and faces of research Study : addresses a problem or answer a question through systematic investigation Clinical study: focus on clinical phenomena; designed to guide clinical practice Several investigators - Clinical Theoretical Methodological Mixture of skills: - Collaborative study: Research site Site: location of the research Settings: specific place where data are gathere Naturalistic setting Partially controlled Highghly controlled "in the field" Some aspects of the setting are manipulated Aftificial constructed environments Strength of the evidence *graph* Quantitative terms Qualitative terms Study participant, subject, respondent Study participant, informant, key informant Researcher/investigator Researcher/investigator Study focus: concepts, variables, constructs
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NUR 422 - Lectures - 08-02-10 What is Nursing? - To search...

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