PSYC 215 - Readings

PSYC 215 - Readings - X Chapter 2 November 26, 2010 12:11...

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THE SELF IN A SOCIAL WORLD Social surrondings shape how we think 'bout ourselves - Self-interest colors our judgments 'bout others & ourselves - Looking good to others motivates our social behaviors - Subtle cnct'ns btwn wt's happening and wt's going on in our heads: Thoughts/feelings/actions Self concept self-esteem ID value Self-knowledge Social self Experience roles Predictions Sense of self: Self-concept: Who am I? Intuition: looking within POWERS AND PERILS OF INTUITION: Controlled processing: "explicit" thinking that is deliberate, reflective, and conscious Automatic processing: "implicit" thinking that is effortless habitual and without awareness, roughly corresponds to "intuition" Sound enterpretation Schema: mental templates - Emotion rx: often nearly instantaneous - Implicit memory: skills, dispositioning - You know more than you know - Subliminal msgs - Ex. Of automatic thinking: Predicting our behavior: INTUITIONS ABOUT THE SELF Consider your past behavior in similar situations. To predict your future, consider your past. "He who knows others is learned. He who knows himself is enlightened." - Lao-tzu Predicting our feelings: Intuitive theory: we want, we get, we're happy. Impact bias: overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events *People's affective forecast (their predictions of their future emotions) influence their decisions *in focusing on the -'ve events, we discount the importance of everything else that contributes to X Chapter 2 November 26, 2010 12:11 PM Readings Page 1
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happiness and so over-predict out enduring misery. The wisdom and illusions of self-analysis *We are unaware of much that goes on in our minds. *The mental processes that control our social behavior are distinct from the mental processes through which we explain our behavior *Gut rx's are + consistent than present emotions The most important reasoning are sometimes impossible to put into words Verbalized explicit attitudes may change with education and persuasion. Implicit attitudes change slowly, w/ practice that forms new habits. Dual attitudes: differing implicit (automatic) and explicit (consciously controled) attitudes towards the same object. ***self-reports are often untrustworthy ***self-concept is not what other's think of us, but what WE think that others think of us 1st y.: self-worth - Almost end of the year Can't change their mistakes anymore 4th y.: self-worth - Conclusion: our comparison to others are strong determinants of our self-views Experiment of showing $$ to students: S.E.: Superficial traits <,=,> communal traits ~ person's own values Social comparison: evaluating one's abilities and opinions by comparing oneself to others Self-esteem is more of the superficial traits Wounded pride motivates retaliation --> bullying Ex. Narcissistic ppl --->external Fragile self-esteem = easily offended ---> internal GOOD BAD Developing talents, relationships Focusing on self-image Social ID Secure self-esteem = long-term well being
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PSYC 215 - Readings - X Chapter 2 November 26, 2010 12:11...

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