McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH02

McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH02 - Organizations That Help Shape...

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Organizations That Help Shape Community Health Chapter 2 KIN 4601 Fall 2010 Deborah Dailey, MS
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Introduction - 1 Today’s Communities More educated, mobile, and more independent than past communities In need of better long-term planning and community organizing due to large size of today’s communities © Photos.com
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Introduction - 2 Today’s communities’ ability to respond to their own problems is hindered by: Highly developed and centralized resources at national level Continued concentration of wealth and population in the largest metropolitan areas Rapid movement of information, resources, and people Globalization of health Limited horizontal relationships among organizations Top-down funding for many community programs
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Classification of Community Organizations Classified by: sources of funding, responsibilities, & organizational structure Major types– Governmental Quasi-governmental Nongovernmental
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Governmental Health Agencies Funded primarily by tax dollars Managed by government officials Authority for some geographic area Found at several levels International, e.g., WHO National, e.g., DHHS State, e.g., Indiana Department of Health Local, e.g., Delaware County Health Department
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World Health Organization - 1 History United Nations charter in 1945 established need Began April 7, 1948—World Health Day Organization Membership open to countries that ratify constitution Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland World Health Assembly; comprised of 193 delegates Administered by director-general and 9 assistant directors-general
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World Health Organization - 2 Purpose Attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health Work Guided by General Programme of Work and United Nations Millennium Declaration Most work carried out in poor countries Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – 1) strengthening health systems; 2) ensuring health is a priority; 3) address the diverse needs of countries; 4) mobilizing more resources for health in poor countries; 5) improving health-related data
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National Health Agencies All countries have a primary department or agency
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McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH02 - Organizations That Help Shape...

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