McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH09

McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH09 - Older Adults Chapter 9 KIN 4601 Fall...

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Older Adults Chapter 9 KIN 4601 Fall 2010 Deborah S. Dailey, MS
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Definitions - 1 Old (> 65), young old (65-74), middle old (75-84), old old (> 85) Aged: The state of being old. Aging: The changes that occur as living things grow older. Gerontology: The study of aging from the broadest perspective Geriatrics: The medical practicing specializing in the treatment of the age. Older adults 65 and older
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Definitions - 2 Elders– those 65 years of age and older Ageism-there prejudice and discrimination against the aged. -Elderhostel: Education programs that are specifically for senior adult that are held on college campuses.
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Myths Surrounding Aging - 1 None of these are true! “After age 65, life goes steadily downhill.” “Old people are all alike.” “Old people are lonely & ignored by their families.” “Old age used to be better.” “Old people are senile.”
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Myths Surrounding Aging - 2 None of these are true (continued)! “Old people have the good life.” “Most old people are sickly.” “Old people no longer have any sexual interest or ability.” “Most old people end up in nursing homes.” “Older people are unproductive.”
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Demography of Aging - 1 Demography– the study of a population and those variables bringing about change in that population Size & growth of the elder population In 2005, 1 in 8 > 65 Baby boomers begin to turn 65 in 2011. In 2030, 71 million people (1 in 5) will be > 65 Old old is the fastest-growing population In 2035, median age will peak at 38.7
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Demography of Aging - 3 Factors that affect population size & age Fertility rates: number of births per 1000 women ages 15-44 Mortality rate: deaths per 100,000 population; steady last 20+ years; interacts with life expectancy Migration and net migration: movement from one country to another; highest after Civil War
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Demography of Aging - 4 Dependency and labor-force ratios Dependency ratio-The economically productive and the economically unproductive. (working and those that don’t work dependent on Medicare) -Total dependency ratio: Compare both youth and old how they compare in economic productivity -Youth dependency ratio: Compare of youth to the economically productive.
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Demography of Aging - 5 Dependency and labor-force ratios (continued)
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