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McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH12

McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH12 - Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drugs A...

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Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: A Community Concern Chapter 12 KIN 4601 FALL 2010 Deborah S. Dailey, MS
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Introduction Use, misuse & abuse of mind-altering substances predates recorded history Reasons for drug use: - Misguided attempt to self-medicate, cope with personal problems -Temporary departure from mental state -Become dependent on it -Social -Experimental Most cultures see abusive behavior as destructive
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Scope of Current Drug Problem in the U.S. - 1 #1 community health problem in U.S. Substance abuse $414– $487 billion annual economic loss The domino effect Drug Estimated Deaths Costs (billions) Alcohol 100,000 $220 Tobacco 430,000 $157 Illicit drugs 16,000 $110 Total 546,000 $487
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Violence Associated with the Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs © National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (1995). Making the [Fact sheets]. Rockville, MD: Author.
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Key Definitions - 1 Drug: A Substance other than food or vitamins that upon entering the body in small amounts alters one’s physical, mental, or emotional state Psychoactive drugs: Drugs that alter sensory perceptions, mood, thought processes or behavior . Drug misuse : Refers primarily to the inappropriate use of legally purch ased prescription or nonprescription drugs
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Key Definitions - 2 Drug abuse: Taking a drug for a non medical approve purpose ; continues to use a legal drug even though you have knowledge that is hazard to your health; someone who is underage and use alcohol or tobacco Drug dependence: when one believes that a particular drug is necessary for normal functioning; suffers from withdrawal symptoms
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Factors That Contribute to Substance Abuse Risk factors: anything that will increase the probability to use the substances; Protective risk factors: decrease the probability to use: education, coping skills Risk & protective factors can be either genetic (inherited) or environmental Inherited: alcoholism seems to be passed down Environmental risk factors: home and family life, school and peer groups, and other components of the social
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Types of Drugs Legal (licit): Alcohol, nicotine, nonprescription drugs, & prescription drugs Illegal (illicit): Stimulants, depressants, narcotics, hallucinogens, marijuana, & other drugs
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Types of Legal Drugs Abused - 1 Alcohol: # 1 drug problem in America as measured by injury, deaths, & economic costs -Binge drinking 5 or more for men and 4 or more for females -75% of high school seniors, use alcohol - Social context and become light to moderate drinkers Culture view of alcohol, not a quick fix,
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Types of Legal Drugs Abused - 2 Alcohol (continued): Problem drinkers: those who experience personal, interpersonal, legal or financial problems because of alcohol use Alcoholism: physical (total) dependence and lack of control Cost of alcohol abuse: 220 billion a year Blood alcohol concentration (BAC): percentage of concentration of alcohol in blood; BAC of > .
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