McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH17

McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH17 - Injuries as a Community Health...

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Injuries as a Community Health Problem Chapter 17 KIN 4601 Fall 2010 Deborah S. Dailey, MS
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Key Definitions Injury: physical damage to the body resulting from mechanical, chemical , thermal, or other environmental energy Unintentional injuries: An injury that happened without anyone intending that harm to be done. No alternative motive. Intentional injuries : An injury that is purposely inflicted, either by the victim or by another person.
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Other Key Definitions Accident : A chance occurrence or an unpreventable mishap. Accident are preventable; replaced accident for unintentional injury Safety : the term safety has been replaced by injury prevention or injury control;
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Characteristics of Unintentional Injuries 1. Unplanned events; 1. Preceded by an unsafe act (behavior) or condition (environmental factor) [Note: unsafe acts or conditions are called hazards] 1. Often accompanied by economic loss 1. Interrupt the efficient completion of tasks
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Cost of Injuries to Society 5.2 million deaths/year worldwide 150,000+ deaths/year in the U. S. ~11% of world’s disease burden is caused by injuries 156 million medically attended injury-related episodes/yr. in U. S. $575 billion/year on unintentional injuries ; loss of work, or insurance Great burden on emergency departments
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Unintentional Injuries - 1 Major causes: motor vehicle crashes #1 (40%); Cost: $575 billion: $298 billion from lost wages; $99 billion in medical expenses; $112 billion insurance administration; $65 billion from vehicle damage & other
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Unintentional Injuries - 2 Motor vehicle crashes #1 cause of unintentional injury deaths in the World & U.S.; only 10% of the deaths in developed countries Most deaths were to drivers (64%), then passengers (28%), motorcycle drivers (3%), pedestrians (3%), and pedal cyclists (2%) Injury rates per vehicle miles traveled has dropped slightly; most happen with proximity to your house
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Unintentional Injuries - 3 Poisonings #2 cause of unintentional injury deaths in the U.S .; 19,250 deaths; result from ingestion of medicines & drugs, toxic foods (e.g., mushrooms & shellfish), & occupational materials; 80% occur in the home Falls #3 cause of unintentional injury deaths in the U.S.; 18,535 deaths; leading cause of ED visits; most occur in homes ; disproportionately affect elders Other deaths from: fires & burns (3,223), drownings (3,180), other transport (2,986), & firearms (661)
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Epidemiology of Unintentional Injuries - 1 Person (Who?) Age: leading cause of death in the
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McKenzie_6e_PPT_CH17 - Injuries as a Community Health...

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