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Unformatted text preview: 1890-1910 development of motion pictures and establishment as mass mediaEdison_West orange NJ laboratory_Meets Maybridge 1888 (photographs horses to study motion) buys photos -Tells assistant W.K.L Dickson to produce device to project them -1889meets Marey who shows him film strips, he lacked mechanism to make film move smoothly past lens -Edison solves with perforation-1894 opens kinetoscope parlors, “kinetoscope peep shows”-showed Edison shorts (like the ones from class: “Buffalo Bill”, “Dancing Girl”, “Boxing Match”, ect)- theater inspired-W.K.L. Dickson-first director in history of cinema, worked @ Edison laboratories-”Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots” 1895 Alfred Clark (Dickson’s successor @ Edison) special effects, staged, recreation of an actual historical event-more shorts: -1896 “Burning Stable”, “The Kiss”- close up. -1897 films get longer, longer experiment w/ angles, “5thAve NYC”- camera panning (movement)-1898-war with Spain-gives them material (film troops + recreations of battles)-1901open NYC studio- can build sets props etc, “Old Maid Having Her Picture Taken”-Hires Edwin S. Porter-mechanic likes trickery+ special effects-“Another Job for Undertaker”, “What Happened on 23rd Street NYC”-skirt blew up lol “Pan-American Exposition by Night” special fx-exposure makes it look like night time, “Trapeze Disrobing Act”-first porno?, 1903 “Electrocuting Elephant”-Edison promotes electricityMutoscope+ Biograph companies = Edison’s competitors-both companies like to film outside, drive Edison to do so (used to film in studio-“Black Maria”-“Burgular on the Roof”- Blackton (rival producer), movie is a story (beginning –middle-end)-Edison attacks w/ lawsuit, Blackton uses different equipment to evade copyright laws-“Fire Rescue”- ghetto Edison, copies idea, “Gold Rush Scenes in the Klondike”- separate shots that he puts together, uses newspaper shot as title card to explain shotTheme shift from views-> staged activity and drama-”Jack and the Beanstalk” Porter 1902-set elaborate, cuts, angles, special effects, overlapping“Life of an American Fireman” 1903 Porter-simultaneous actionproblem how to show 2 things happening at once?-indoor scene and outdoor after-”Gay Shoe Clerk”-close up on shoe and then zoom out (Porter invented)-“Great Train Robbery” 1903- became very famous-many angled shots, set in modern era, 3d space, train background through window-first film people wanted to see (had hype)-shows people can be made to understand narrative in a film if images presented in a cohesive manner-“The Ex-Convict” 1904-Captions- before or after shots (people still weary to cut shots in the middle)-hold film back-cut it up-Porter had many different ideas in many films, but doesn’t learn from his innovations”Kleptomaniac”-1905-panning- outside, angles”White Caps”- vigilante kkk-creating 3d space, different from 2d theater (on stage you walk left to right, not front to back towards or away from camera)...
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This note was uploaded on 08/22/2011 for the course FILM 315 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '11
- The American, films