alexander - Alexander of Macedon Click to edit Master...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/23/11 Alexander of Macedon
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8/23/11 weak ties to Greek world not considered completely Greek by southern Greeks "Medizers" during Persian Invasion (sided with Persia) Ancient Macedon(ia)
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8/23/11 distinctive culture – fringe of the Greek world dialect, tumulus burials, unmixed wine, royal polygamy powerful monarchy: personal allegiance (treaties, etc.) warrior aristocracy loyal to king (not state, laws etc.) increasing role in Greek politics export of grain to Athens & potential to control N. Aegean grain century of inter-Greek war creates opportunities problem: internal strife nearly destroys Macedon in early 4th C Macedonian Society
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8/23/11 son of Amyntas III and Illyrian Eurydice sent as hostage to Epaminondas in Thebes (369-367 BCE) learns innovative military tactics from Ep. takes power in 359 after death of brother Perdiccas in civil wars consolidates power against pretenders; defeats external enemies in region by 357 Philip II of Macedon (ca. 382-36 BCE ): early years
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8/23/11 influence of Epaminondas military reforms Development of siege engines (catapults) Macedonian phalanx: longer spears (sarissa – 18feet) Light armed infantry and cavalry (scouts, speed) Recognition of common soldiers (“foot companions”) Philip II of Macedon: reforms
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8/23/11 military reforms Recognition of common soldiers (“foot companions”) Expands ranks of warrior aristocracy (devastated by civil wars) Institution of Royal Pages (children of nobles, serve king) Rewards for nobles increase loyalty Battle of the Crocus Field – Gains Thessaly (cavalry; double force size) h Philip II of Macedon
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8/23/11 Athens: major Greek power in early 4th C 357: Athenian Ally Amphipolis taken by Philip (effective siege warfare) Athenians fail to unite Greece against Philip Demosthenes: Athenian orator opposes Philip Philip II vs. Athens
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8/23/11 Athens: major Greek power in early 4th C Demosthenes: Athenian orator opposes Philip
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alexander - Alexander of Macedon Click to edit Master...

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