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Greece in the 1930 - GREECEINTHE1930 GREECEINTHE1930...

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GREECE IN THE 1930 GREECE IN THE 1930
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From 1936 to 1941, Greece was  ruled by an  authoritative   regime with  fascist  leanings.  Although the regime was  ideologically very similar to the  regimes of Mussolini, Hitler  and Franco, yet it was  different in the following  respects: a)It did not have an  expansionist agenda b)It did not institute anti- semitic programs c)It lacked political mass  movement  The regime of  Ioannis Metaxas was established in Greece in order to restore public order and to prevent the communist threat.
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The Greek Communist Party  ( KKE ) was founded on  November  1918 by Avraam Benaroya, a  Sephardic Jewish teacher and  labour movement leader in  Thessaloniki. This was one year after the  Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in  1917. KKE strongly  opposed  Greece's  involvement in the Greco–Turkish  War of 1919–1922, which it  considered an imperialistic scheme  to control of the market of Asia  Minor given the new political  situation in the collapsing  Ottoman Empire. KKE members  propagated this position both in  the front, which provoked  accusations for treason  by the  Greek government, as well as in  the mainland.
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Soon after the rise to power of Metaxas,  the authoritarian regime severely  repressed the communists and leftists.  About 15,000 people were arrested and  jailed, or exiled for political reasons;  some were subjected to torture.  Metaxas' regime forced the Communist  party underground. The movement of Metaxas gained  popularity with the following social  reforms in Greek economy: a) introduction of a minimum wage b) unemployment insurance and the  creation of a public employment agency c) maternity leave d) a 5-day, 40-hour workweek e) guaranteed 2-week vacations with  pay (or two weeks' double pay in place  of the vacation); f) stricter work safety standards.
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Since the emergence of the  modern Greek state, the upper  and middle classes leaned  towards the  classical style of  European music  while at the  other end of the social  spectrum  traditional Greek  music with eastern and  Byzantine influences  prevailed. In 1922, Greece received over  1.5 million Greeks refugees  from Asia Minor. As a result of  this, shanty towns grew up  around Athens, Piraeus and  other cities. These refugees  brought their music with them  and this had the most  pronounced effect on the urban  music of Greece.
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