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Unformatted text preview: IV. Persia's 2nd Invasion of Greece, 480 B.C. (Xerxes ) A. Xerxes' massive military force: size, composition, strategy--land & sea--B. Themistokles' successful anti-Persian strategy: 1. Delay Persian army (land)--Spartans at Thermopylai (King Leonidas) 2. Delay Persian navy (sea at Artemesium) to evacuate Athens 3. Force naval battle in Salamis Straits--(Greek advantage) C. Final Persian Defeats-479 B.C.: 1. Plataia (Boiotia) --land battle: Spartans (K. Pausanias) defeat Persians (Mardonious killed). 2. Mykalē (Ionia) sea battle: Greeks win! V. Results of Persian Wars A. Athens = biggest winner -new confidence & origin of Empire B. Sparta --imp. power, but loses prestige to Athens. 1. Pausanias'disgrace 2. Sparta still isolationist – 3. Athens becomes de facto leader of Greeks...
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- Spring '11
- Persian, Battle of Thermopylae, Greco-Persian Wars, Ionian Revolt, persian wars