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ANT 3451_SYD 4700 Ch_ 8 Notes

ANT 3451_SYD 4700 Ch_ 8 Notes - Opposing Theories of Racial...

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Opposing Theories of Racial Discrimination and Prejudice Classic Psychological Theories I. Pathological/irrational attitude (e.g., prejudice) causes discriminatory behavior A. Mental/individual focus: must change what is in people’s heads to combat racism B. Two classic approaches: 1. Frustration-Aggression Theory (John Dollard 1939): has 2 premises a. Frustration causes aggression: interference w/ goal striving causes aggression b. Scapegoating: if source of frustration is too strong,pick weaker substitute target 1. Germans frustrated by WWI defeat, reparations; Jews weaker than allies 2. Totalitarian or Authoritarian Personality (Theodore Adorno et. al., 1950): from Freudian (psychoanalytic) perspective, personality type is more prejudiced a. Dogmatism: rigid views, no gray areas; anti-intellectual and anti-scientific b. Conformism: conformance to traditional values; fear of things that are different c. Authority: unquestioning obedience; bullying arrogance toward inferiors d. Childhood source of personality (Freud):
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