14081489-Descriptive-French-Grammar

14081489-Descriptive-French-Grammar - Descriptive Grammar...

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Unformatted text preview: Descriptive Grammar of the Standard French Language Alphabet ( L'Alphabet ) French uses the Latin alphabet . ... Letter (Lettre) A a B b C c D d E e F f G g Letter Name (Nom de Lettre) [a] [be] [se] [de] [ ] [ f] [ e] Letter (Lettre) H h I i J j K k L l M m N n Letter Name (Nom de Lettre) [a ] [i] [ i] [ka] [ l] [ m] [ n] Letter (Lettre) O o P p Q q R r S s T t U u Letter Name (Nom de Lettre) [ ] [pe] [ky] [ ] [ s] [te] [y] Letter (Lettre) V v W w X x Y y Z z Letter Name (Nom de Lettre) [ve] [dubl ve] [iks] [i g k] [z d] ... Sounds (Sons) Vowels (see Vowels & Vowel combinations ) Consonants [i] i l, v i e, l y re [p] p ère, sou p e [e] bl é , jou er [t] t erre, vi t e [ ] l ai t, jou et , m e rci [k] c ou, qu i, sa c, k épi [a] pl a t, p a tte [b] b on, ro b e [ ] b a s, p â te [d] d ans, ai d e [ ] m o rt, d o nner [g] g are, ba gue [o] m o t, d ô me, eau , g au che [f] f eu, neu f , ph oto [u] gen ou e, r ou e [s] s ale, c elui, ç a, de ss oue, ta ss e, na t ion [y] r u e, vêt u [ ] ch air, ta ch e [ø] p eu , d eu x [v] v ous, rê v e [oe] p eu r, m eu ble [z] z éro, mai s on, ro s e [ ] l e , pr e mier [ ] j e, g ilet, ge ôle 1 [l] l ent, so l Nasalized Vowels [ ] r ue, veni r [ ] mat in , pl ein [m] m ain, fe mm e [ ] s an s, v en t [n] n ous, to nn e, a n imal [ ] b on , om bre [ ] a gn eau, vi gn e [ ] l un di, br un [h] h op! (exclamation) [*] h aricot (no liaison or elision ) Semi Vowels [j] y eux, pa ill e, p i ed ( see "y" , "l mouillé" ) Foreign Consonants [w] ou i, n ou er [ ] (in English words) campi ng [ ] h u ile, l u i [x] (in Spanish and Arabic words) j ota, kh amsin Spelling French spelling reflects, on the one hand, the pronunciation of the Middle Ages and, on the other hand, strives to imitate the Latin orthography. It is, in other words, not phonetic, but etymological (as is the spelling of English) and seems rather complicated. Vowels (Voyelles) A has two phonetic meanings : • [a] is an opened palatal vowel as the a in E . fa ther , cf .: balle [bal] ball , armée [a me] army ; • [ ] is a back vowel, often written â (it has disappeared from the contemporary French speech), cf .: âge [ ] age tâche [t ] task. E has two phonetic values : • [ ] is an opened front vowel , similar to the English ai in ai r , but without the following schwa sound; it is written e in monosyllabic words and in front of the double consonants ll, nn, pp, tt, rr or a consonantic cluster; it is written è ( e accent grave ) and ê ( e accent circonflexe ) in the other cases ( see the Usage of the diacritical signs ), cf .: sel [s l] salt , étrenne [et n] present (gift) , pelle [p l] shovel , lettre [l t ( )] letter , perdre [p d ( )] to lose , herbe [ b( )] grass , 2 père [p ] father , bête [b t] beast ; • [e] is a closed front vowel as the English e in pe t ; it is written e in front of mute final -r , -t , -z and é ( e accent aigü ) in the other cases ( see the Usage of the diacritical signs ), cf .: parler [pa le] to speak...
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2011 for the course CULTURE AN 20 taught by Professor Modernfrench during the Spring '11 term at Boğaziçi University.

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14081489-Descriptive-French-Grammar - Descriptive Grammar...

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