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ppoint3handout - ANT2 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology...

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4/8/10 1 ANT2 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology April 8, 2010 Prof. Sawyer Last lecture: Malinowski Ethnography Enthnocentrism Cultural Relativism Kula First Contact (1983) – How is culture operating? – How the West creates its Other? – How are categories “Savage”/“Civilized” created? – How are concepts Ethnocentrism & Cultural Relativity applicable? – How are colonialism, inequality, power at work here? RACE Franz Boas (1858-1942) – father of American Anthropology – a foremost critics of: • 1. • 2. • 3. European Concepts of Change 17th, 18th & 19th c. Great Chain of Being G A M H M I R L M M P
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4/8/10 2 Charles Lyell (1797-1875) ( Principles of Geology —1830, revised 11x by 1872) critiqued notion of GCofB =advanced a geological theory = fundamental point: Charles Darwin (1809-1882) ( The Origin of Species , 1859) =basic thesis: a changing environment wields a natural pressure on the organisms living in that environment to change. i.e. Manchester Moths what’s significant here?
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4/8/10 3 For Darwin: = evolution is non-directional. think of the dinosaurs. 19th c. anthropology = Social Evolutionism (SE) Edward B. Tylor (1832-1917 ): C B S =contemporary “savages” represented earlier
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