AHS375_Su11_u01 - CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AHS 375 MANAGERIAL EPI UNIT 1 Keith Elder PhD MPH,MPA 2 WHAT IS EPIDEMIOLOGY

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
5/3/2011 1 AHS 375 MANAGERIAL EPI UNIT 1 Keith Elder, PhD, MPH,MPA CHAPTER 1 Ժ ±AN INTRODUCTION TO MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 2 WHAT IS EPIDEMIOLOGY? o Definition: ±study of how disease is distributed in populations and the factors that influence or determine 3 this distribution² (Gordis 2004) o Disease is not random o Characteristics protect or predispose us to disease ANOTHER DEFINITION (LAST) | ±The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to control of 4 health problems² (Last, J. 2000. A Dictionary of Epidemiology , 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.) KEYWORDS IN DEFINITION o Distribution³who, when, where o Determinant³a characteristic that influences whether or not disease occurs o States and Events³diseases, episodes, disasters 5 o Population³affects a group, not focused on a single individual o Application³not done in a vacuum; goal is to be better prepared to deal with future events o Control³prevention is the ultimate goal GOALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC INQUIRY o Find etiology (cause) of particular disease o Find burden (extent) of disease in a community Study natural history and prognosis of 6 o Study natural history and prognosis of disease o Evaluate existing/new preventive and therapeutic measures and modes of healthcare delivery o Provide foundation for developing public policy and make regulatory decisions relating to environmental problems
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
5/3/2011 2 ANOTHER WAY TO VIEW THE GOALS o To identify subgroups in the population that are at risk for disease o To identify specific factors and try to 7 modify their effect o To identify high-risk groups to target screening programs of early detection o To evaluate the effectiveness of intervention WHY MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY? o Compare to managerial accounting o Accounting for managers Ui t i i il i 8 o Using accounting principles in management o Managerial epidemiology o Epidemiology for managers o Using epidemiologic principles in management MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY± DEFINITIONS | ±The study of the distribution and determinants of health and disease in populations, including injuries, accidents, and violence, and the application of this study to promotion of health, prevention of disease, treatment of disease, 9 planning for health and disease, and health policy.² (Fos, P. J., and D. J. Fine. 2000. Designing Health Care Populations: Applied Epidemiology in Health Care Administration . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.) | ±The application of the principles and tools of epidemiology to the decision-making process.² (Chapter 1, page 4) MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY o Integrating epidemiology into management o In the planning function In the staffing/directing function 10 o o In the control function o In the organizing function o In the financing function EPIDEMIOLOGY IN MANAGEMENT o Planning function³forecasting, needs assessment o Staffing/directing functions: human resources o Controlling function: quality assurance, surveillance, total quality management 11 o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/21/2011 for the course AHS 375 taught by Professor Elder during the Summer '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Page1 / 8

AHS375_Su11_u01 - CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AHS 375 MANAGERIAL EPI UNIT 1 Keith Elder PhD MPH,MPA 2 WHAT IS EPIDEMIOLOGY

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online