AHS375_Su11_u04_midterm - 6/2/2011 1 CHAPTER 1 AN...

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Unformatted text preview: 6/2/2011 1 CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 1 WHAT IS EPIDEMIOLOGY? o Definition: study of how disease is distributed in populations and the factors that influence or determine 2 this distribution (Gordis 2004) o Disease is not random o Characteristics protect or predispose us to disease ANOTHER DEFINITION (LAST) | The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to control of 3 health problems (Last, J. 2000. A Dictionary of Epidemiology , 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.) KEYWORDS IN DEFINITION o Distributionwho, when, where o Determinanta characteristic that influences whether or not disease occurs o States and Eventsdiseases, episodes, disasters 4 o Populationaffects a group, not focused on a single individual o Applicationnot done in a vacuum; goal is to be better prepared to deal with future events o Controlprevention is the ultimate goal GOALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC INQUIRY o Find etiology (cause) of particular disease o Find burden (extent) of disease in a community Study natural history and prognosis of 5 o Study natural history and prognosis of disease o Evaluate existing/new preventive and therapeutic measures and modes of healthcare delivery o Provide foundation for developing public policy and make regulatory decisions relating to environmental problems ANOTHER WAY TO VIEW THE GOALS o To identify subgroups in the population that are at risk for disease o To identify specific factors and try to 6 modify their effect o To identify high-risk groups to target screening programs of early detection o To evaluate the effectiveness of intervention 6/2/2011 2 WHY MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY? o Compare to managerial accounting o Accounting for managers U i ti i i l i 7 o Using accounting principles in management o Managerial epidemiology o Epidemiology for managers o Using epidemiologic principles in management MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY DEFINITIONS | The study of the distribution and determinants of health and disease in populations, including injuries, accidents, and violence, and the application of this study to promotion of health, prevention of disease, treatment of disease, 8 planning for health and disease, and health policy. (Fos, P. J., and D. J. Fine. 2000. Designing Health Care Populations: Applied Epidemiology in Health Care Administration . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.) | The application of the principles and tools of epidemiology to the decision-making process. (Chapter 1, page 4) MANAGERIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY o Integrating epidemiology into management o In the planning function In the staffing/directing function 9 o In the staffing/directing function o In the control function o In the organizing function o In the financing function EPIDEMIOLOGY IN MANAGEMENT o Planning functionforecasting, needs assessment o Staffing/directing functions: human resources o Controlling function: quality assurance,...
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2011 for the course AHS 375 taught by Professor Elder during the Summer '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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AHS375_Su11_u04_midterm - 6/2/2011 1 CHAPTER 1 AN...

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