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POLS - Introduction Business Ethics 1 2 Course Overview...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction- Business Ethics 1 12/13/2009 2/11/2011 2 Course Overview •Philosophy •Logic •Ethical Theories 2/11/2011 3 •Business Theories •Business Entities •Issues 2/11/2011 4 2/11/2011 5 2/11/2011 6 Philosophy •Greek meaning – Philein means love ophia eans wisdom – Sophia means wisdom –Philosopher is a lover and seeker of wisdom or truth •the study of nature and meaning of the universe and of human life 哲學 •a particular set or system of beliefs resulting from the search for Philosophy 2/11/2011 8 knowledge about life and the universe 哲學體系;思想體系 •a set of beliefs or an attitude to life that guides somebody's behaviour 人 生哲學;生活的態度 "If you're studying Geology, which is all facts, as soon as you get out of school you forget it all, but hilosophy you 2/11/2011 9 Philosophy you remember just enough to screw you up for the rest of your life.". If everyone is thinking alike, omeone 2/11/2011 10 someone isn ’ t thinking. Logic : The Philosophy ’ s Tool “ T h e u n e x a m i n e d l i f e i s n o t w o r t h l i v i n g ” Socrates 蘇格拉底(古希臘哲學家) • “ T h e u n l i v e d l i f e i s n o t w o r t h e x a m i n i n g ” Woody Allen ( An American film director, actor, writer, musician). Philosophical topics •God and religion •Knowledge/Science •Mind/Body, Identity •Freedom •Political thought •Aesthesis/art • Ethics Brief look at Logic •Logic is Philosopher’s tool ogic is to •Logic is to language what math is to numbers Structure of Argument •Premises –Supporting statements •Conclusion –Position Your position: •You gave me a ” grade and I “C” grade and I deserve an “A” •How you going to argue it? Premises前提;假定 •P1. If I get an average grade of 95%, I get an “A” grade. 2. I got an average grade of •P2. I got an average grade of 95%. Conclusion •C: Therefore, I deserve n “A” an “A” Validity •Conclusion necessarily follows from the premises •Follows rules of logic Example •P1. All men are mortal •P2. Tom is a man •C. Therefore, Tom is mortal Another example •P1. Some men are mortal •P2.Tom is a man •C. Therefore, Tom is mortal Example •P1. All men are purple. •P2. Tom is a man •Therefore, Tom is purple •Is it Valid? Example •P1. All men are purple •P2. Tom is a man •Therefore Tom is purple •VALID, NOT SOUND Soundness 正確,合理;明智;妥當 •Argument follows the rules of Logic and each of the premises re true are true Fallacy 謬見;謬論; 謬誤 •An argument that is not sound –-Not valid –Premises not true False but effective arguments: •Appeal 有吸引力;有感染力 to Emotion Argument from Authority • Argument from General Consent • “ The world is Flat Argument from Ignorance •I believe in Santa Clause, prove me wrong: The Fallacy of Ambiguities 模稜兩可 ;不明確 •P1: The sun gives off light....
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POLS - Introduction Business Ethics 1 2 Course Overview...

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