Ch 02 - Moral Responsibility and Blame Commonly understand...

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Moral Responsibility and Blame Commonly understand as “ Moral obligation”. The kind of moral responsibility we are talking now is “the responsibility a person has when we say a person is to blame for something” A person who injures someone by accident is “excused” from any blame.
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3 criteria to assess the moral responsibility: 1. The person caused or helped cause it, or failed to prevent it when he could and should have ; and 2. The person did so knowing what he was doing ; and 3. The person did so of his own free will.
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3 criteria to assess the moral responsibility(1): 1. The person caused or helped cause it, or failed to prevent it when he could and should have ; and e.g. DEF company manufactures cotton blankets that will emit some poisonous gas that causes lung cancer. It can be prevented if the workers wear masks. However, the workers suffered from lung cancer as they refused to wear mask when working. Is it a foreseen injury? Is DEF company morally responsible?
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3 criteria to assess the moral responsibility(2): 1. The person caused or helped cause it, or failed to prevent it when he could and should have ; and e.g. Are you morally responsible for failing to save all the members of all the starving groups in the world that we learn about by reading the newspaper?
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3 criteria to assess the moral responsibility(3): 1. The person caused or helped cause it, or failed to prevent it when he could and should have ; and This moral obligation generally requires some sort of special relationship to the injury or the injured party e.g. If you know that you are the only person near enough to save a drowning child and you are able to use it easily, are you morally responsible if you reject saving this child?
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3 criteria to assess the moral responsibility(4): 1. The person caused or helped cause it, or failed to prevent it when he could and should have ; and This moral obligation generally requires some sort of special relationship to the injury or the injured party e.g. If a police officer fails to prevent a crime that he is able to prevent when he is on duty, is he morally responsible?
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This note was uploaded on 08/22/2011 for the course POLS 1010 taught by Professor King during the Spring '11 term at Utah State University.

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Ch 02 - Moral Responsibility and Blame Commonly understand...

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