Lecture 8 - ECOS3008 LABOUR ECONOMICS Week 10: 10 May 1 CS...

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1 ECOS3008 LABOUR ECONOMICS Week 10: 10 May
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2 CS #3: Indigenous Australians (Section 6.5) by far the highest levels of disadvantage UR for Indigenous Australians always relatively high Census data from Table 6.5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1971 1981 1991 1996 2001 2006 Year Percentage Indigneous Total
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3 Snapshot of Indigenous population Census 2006: 455,000 self-enumerated (2.2% of total pop’n) Less in cities? ABS 2006, Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Cat. No. 4713.0
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4 Younger? aged < 15 37% Indig. 19% non-I. aged 65+ 3% Indig. 13% non-I. ABS 2008, The Health and Welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 2006. Cat. No. 4704.0.
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5 Non Census Estimates Castle and Hagan (1984) data for 1982 UR for Indigenous males 7 times the national average and among teenagers in rural in New South Wales Aborigines UR over 50% as high as 90% in remote areas Ross (1989) data from 1986/87 survey non-metropolitan Aborigines in NSW UR 55% for women UR 75% for men Why reliance on Census information?
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6 LFPR ER UR Major cities 58.3 50.2 13.9 Regional areas 58.4 48.3 17.2 Remote areas 50.7 46.4 8.5 Australia 56.3 48.4 14.0 Labour Force statistics; Indigenous Australians, 2006 Census
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7 low labour force participation rates at the time of the 1996 and 2001 Censii, LFPR 63% for non-Indigenous Australians 52% for Indigenous Australians Both Ross and Castle/Hagan suggest that the low LFPR of Indigenous Australians is indicative of high level of hidden unemployment, particularly among Indigenous women.
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8 Inescapable Conclusion Indigenous workforce experiences an inordinate unemployment rate differential. lower LFPR + higher UR = lower ER
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9 Employment 2001 Census, re working age population 41% of Indigenous Australians employed cf 60% of non-Indigenous Australians For those employed, hours worked much less 35% Indigenous males employed part-time 17% non-Indigenous males 51% Indigenous females employed part-time 46% non-Indigenous females
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10 Employment overwhelmingly segregated into low skilled jobs eg, from 1996 Census 98% of employed Indigenous Australians were in the lowest skill levels of their occupations cf 65 per cent of all workers and 66% of employed Indigenous Australians in manual work cf 16% of the workforce as a whole
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11 Employment By 2001, little appeared to have changed Figure 6.3 shows 37% of all employed Indigenous Australians in unskilled jobs (cf 20% of non-Indigenous Australians) At the other end of occupational ladder, 23% Indigenous workers white collar skilled jobs (cf 39% of non-Indigenous workers)
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12 White Collar Skilled Semi-Skilled Blue Collar Skilled Unskilled Figure 5.2 (2 nd edition) Occupational Distribution of Employed People, 1991 Indigenous Non Indigenous 18% 22% 12% 46% 26% 13% 29% 31%
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Lecture 8 - ECOS3008 LABOUR ECONOMICS Week 10: 10 May 1 CS...

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