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Gvt Review - final - HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1 SPEAKER OF...

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1) SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE a. Elected at the beginning of each legislative session – only straight party vote in legislation b. Powers: i. Floor scheduling ii. Bill referral to standing committees iii. Appointments to select and conference committees iv. Appoints committee chairmanships v. Controls the flow of business vi. Spokesperson for the majority party vii. Ideal of chain of command (becomes president in absence of Pres. And VP) 2) MAJORITY LEADER a. Elected every 2 years b. Gets speaker position if something happens to speaker usually c. Carries out speaker’s agenda 3) MAJORITY WHIP a. Collects info on what the membership is thinking b. Communicates to membership on what the leadership wants 4) MINORITY LEADER a. Will probably become speaker if the power switches b. Leads minority and tries to convince majority to vote on minority side c. Elected at same time as previous 5) MINORITY WHIP a. Same as majority whip SENATE 1) VICE PRESIDENT a. Constitutional officer in senate b. Only position that has positions in 2 branches (legislative and executive) c. Power to break tie votes d. Can’t do much else e. Only allowed on podium f. Counts electoral college in join session in January 2) PRESIDENT PRO TEMP a. Senior majority member
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b. Presides over senate when VP is not there c. Oldest person in senate 3) MAJORITY LEADER a. Hands out committee assignments i. Exclusive ii. Semi-exclusive iii. Non-exclusive 1. Finance 2. Appropriations 3. Foreign relations iv. Senators can serve on 4 committees, House can serve on 2 b. Party spokesman in senate c. Constituency services for other senators i. Pork: federal benefits members can get for other members but you must maintain it and it makes the fed. Budget go up ii. Junket: free trips d. Favorable treatment on a bill e. Cosponsorship on legislation f. Bill referral to standing committees i. Same power as speaker ii. Can send bill to a favorable or unfavorable committee iii. Ex. civil rights bill of 1964- judiciary committee usually gets civil rights cases and committee was made up of southerners; Maj. Leader sent bill to Interstate Commerce Committee instead which helped to define interstate commerce as people as well as goods g. Makes things happen 4) MAJORITY WHIP a. Collects info from membership b. Communicates with membership i. Only difference in senate is that it is smaller c. Same powers as majority leader – will fill in if majority leader cannot fulfill job 5) MINORITY LEADER a.
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