Arteriosclerosis•The formation of plaque in the arteries.•Causes coronary artery disease.•Risk Factors:•Modifiable•Non-modifiable•See table 24.1 on page 403
Arteriosclerosis•Diagnostic Tests:•Cholesterol levels above 200 mg/dL increase risk of CAD.•Elevated LDL and low levels of HDL are also associated with increased risk of CAD.•C-reactive protein (CRP) can indicate low-grade inflammation in blood vessels which can increase the risk for arteriosclerosis.•Therapeutic Measures:•Healthy lifestyle•Reducing risk factors•Medication regimen•Medical exams
Arteriosclerosis•Diet: see Nutritional Notes on page 403•Smoking: the risk of developing CAD is greater in smokers than in non-smokers.•Exercise: increased activity raises HDL levels. It also lower insulin resistance and facilitates weight loss.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)•The obstruction of blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle cells, typically from atherosclerosis.•Medications: low-dose Aspirin may be prescribed to reduce risk of thrombus formation.
Angina Pectoris•Chest pain due to ischemia resulting from a reduction in coronary artery blood flow and oxygen delivery to the heart muscle.