Chapter 24 occlusive cardiovascular disorders.pptx - Chapter 24 Occlusive Cardiovascular Disorders Arteriosclerosis \u2022 The formation of plaque in the

Chapter 24 occlusive cardiovascular disorders.pptx -...

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Chapter 24 Occlusive Cardiovascular Disorders
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Arteriosclerosis The formation of plaque in the arteries. Causes coronary artery disease. Risk Factors : Modifiable Non-modifiable See table 24.1 on page 403
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Arteriosclerosis Diagnostic Tests : Cholesterol levels above 200 mg/dL increase risk of CAD. Elevated LDL and low levels of HDL are also associated with increased risk of CAD. C-reactive protein (CRP) can indicate low-grade inflammation in blood vessels which can increase the risk for arteriosclerosis. Therapeutic Measures : Healthy lifestyle Reducing risk factors Medication regimen Medical exams
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Arteriosclerosis Diet : see Nutritional Notes on page 403 Smoking : the risk of developing CAD is greater in smokers than in non-smokers. Exercise : increased activity raises HDL levels. It also lower insulin resistance and facilitates weight loss.
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Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) The obstruction of blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle cells, typically from atherosclerosis. Medications : low-dose Aspirin may be prescribed to reduce risk of thrombus formation.
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Angina Pectoris Chest pain due to ischemia resulting from a reduction in coronary artery blood flow and oxygen delivery to the heart muscle.
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