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POL 201, lecture 7, part 2 introduction to main political ideiologies.pdf

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Dr. Rasha El BazPart 4: Introduction to main PoliticalIdeologies1Introduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz
What is political ideology?Political Ideology:What we believe and whyPolitical Ideology DefinitionsA comprehensive, integrated set of views about governmentand politicsA coherent set of ideas of on how people should livetogetherA plan of action for applying these ideas2Introduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz
Our Ideology Comes from OurPolitical CulturePolitical Culture is the widely shared beliefs, values and normsconcerning the relationship of citizens to government and toone another.Our Ideology Comes from ourPolitical SocializationPolitical Socialization:The process by which we are taught and develop our individualand collective political beliefsMany people + Many opinions = Many viewpoints3Introduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz
What is political ideology?A definition of 'ideologymust be neutral: it must reject the notionthat ideologies are 'good' or 'bad', true or false, or liberating oroppressive.The modern, social scientific meaning of the term, seesideologyas anaction-orientated belief system, an interrelated setof ideas that in some way guides or inspires politicalaction.Concept: IdeologyIn other words, from a social-scientific view point, an ideology is amore or less coherent set of ideas that provides a basis fororganized political action, whether this is intended to preserve,modifyor overthrowthe existing system of power relationships.4Introduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz
The function of ideology:to provide a perspective in understanding the worldto shape political systemsto act as a social cement between groupsWhat is ideology?Ideology is the most elusive concept in the whole of thesocialsciences”- David McLellanA political belief systemPolitical ideas that embody or articulate class or social interestsAn abstract and highly systematic set of political ideas5Introduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz
Main Political Ideologies1.Capitalism2.Communism3.Conservatism4.Environmentalism5.Fascism6.Feminism7.Liberalism8.Marxism9.Nationalism10.socialism6Introduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz
1. CapitalismةيلامسأرلاIntroduction to political science II, POL 201, Lecture 6, Introduction to Political Ideologies, Dr. Rasha El Baz7Economic system.

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Fred Cocozzelli
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