Day7_InternationalOrganizations

Day7_InternationalOrganizations - 1 International...

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International Organizations Trying to create at international level what states have at domestic level Types of IOs Expert IOs (ex: WHO) Regional integration (ex: EU) IGOs (ex: UN)
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IGOs Run by states NGOs independent of states Can address issues states otherwise might ignore Some worry lack accountability of states Ultimately, IGOs lack sovereignty of states Will organizations like the EU eventually just become like another state? Or will it evolve into something entirely different?
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Purpose of IGOs Security (alliances, UN Security Council) Specialized problems requiring expertise (WHO) Common, collective problems (ITU, ISA) Help countries do things more efficiently (WTO)
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How IGOs Work Decrease transaction costs (increase efficiency of interstate interaction) Provide more information at lower cost Reduce uncertainty (by providing a SoF)
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Functional Orgs Organizations that provide more expertise have more power Ex: WFO Made up of food/nutrition experts Know more than any single state Holds the power in decisions in area of expertise Functionalism: as IGOs solve problems states become less important/necessary
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Perspectives on IGOs Realism IGOs serve the interests of states Merely extension of states (esp. powerful ones) Don’t change interests or create new actors Liberalism IGOs help states communicate, compromise interests Enable better outcomes states couldn’t achieve on own Identity Theory IGOs transform state interests Shape new ideas
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The UN Main general-purpose IGO Collective security and peace Economic and social development International law and human rights Peacekeeping Cold war ruined attempts at collective security Still regulates peace settlements, but has to leave when asked Reattempted Ch. VII peace enforcement, but Somalia foiled that
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The UN Terrorism and WMD Raise new issues for intervention in states’ internal
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This note was uploaded on 08/23/2011 for the course POL POL 003 taught by Professor Randolphsiverson during the Summer '09 term at UC Davis.

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Day7_InternationalOrganizations - 1 International...

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