ECE3080-L-0-Introduction

ECE3080-L-0-Introduction - ECE 3080: Semiconductor Devices...

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January 14, 2008 Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 1 ECE 3080: Semiconductor Devices for Computer Engineering and Telecommunication Systems "The significant problems we face cannot be solved by the same level of thinking that created them." – Albert Einstein Dr. Alan Doolittle School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Intel, 45-nm CMOS “Dual Core” process technology Compared to older Pentium processor Note: several images in this lecture were obtained from the Intel web pages
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January 14, 2008 Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 2 Why do we need to know about Nano-electronic “materials” details? – A Case study of the evolution of the Transistor Moore’s Law: The Growth of the Semiconductor Industry Moore’s law (Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel, 1965): Empirical rule which predicts that the number of components per chip doubles every 18-24 months Moore’s Law turned out to be valid for more than 30 years (and still is!)
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January 14, 2008 Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 3 Why do we need to know about Nano-electronic “materials” details? – A Case study of the evolution of the Transistor Moore’s Law: The Growth of the Semiconductor Industry 2000 Transistors >1 Billion Transistors
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January 14, 2008 Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 4 Why do we need to know about Nano-electronic “materials” details? – A Case study of the evolution of the Transistor from G. Moore, ISSCC 2003 Transistor functionality scales with transistor count not speed! Speed is less important.
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January 14, 2008 Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 5 Why do we need to know about Nano-electronic “materials” details? – A Case study of the evolution of the Transistor How did we go from 4 Transistors/wafer to Billions/wafer? IBM 200 mm and 300 mm wafer http://www-3.ibm.com/chips/photolibrary First Planar IC 1961, Fairchild http://smithsonianchips.si.edu/ 1.5 mm 300 mm
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January 14, 2008 Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 6 Why do we need to know about Nano-electronic “materials” details? – A Case study of the evolution of the Transistor Sand to Silicon – Major Historical Hurdles.
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Dr. W. Alan Doolittle 7 Why do we need to know about Nano-electronic “materials” details? – A Case study of the evolution of the Transistor
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ECE3080-L-0-Introduction - ECE 3080: Semiconductor Devices...

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