07-reactions_1 - CHEM 1310 General Chemistry(Sections LM...

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1 CHEM 1310: General Chemistry (Sections LM) LECTURE NOTES Chapter 4: Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry For Lecture on Friday, September 7, 2007 I. Types of Chemical Reactions 1. Precipitation Reactions 2. ______________________________ Reactions 3. ______________________________ Reactions II. Precipitation Reactions A. What is a precipitation reaction? A type of reaction in which a ___________________ _______________ its own __________________ in the given solution. Under what types of conditions will precipitation occur? 1. Addition of _________________________ solute 2. Removal of _________________________ 3. __________________________ of solvent 4. Change of __________________________ B. Chemical Equations for Precipitation There are 2 fundamental questions a chemist would want to answer regarding precipitation reactions: 1. How could one _________________ what product would ____________________ in a given precipitation reaction? 2. How would one write a ________________ ________________ to represent a precipitation reaction?
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2 Predicting the Precipitate ± Step 1: ± Step 2: ± Step 3: Study Table 4.1 from the text – Solubility Rules (VERY IMPORTANT) How would one write a balanced chemical equation for the example shown? C. Acid-Base Reactions Arrhenius acids are _______ _______________.
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