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2 organic chem - R C O OH R C O H R C O R 1 Carboxyl...

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Straight Chain Hydrocarbons C H H H H C C H H H H H H C C C H H H H H H H H C C C H H H H H C H H H H H Methane Ethane Butane Propane
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C C H H H H H H C C H H H H C C H H Multiple Bonding Between Carbons Ethane Ethylene Acetylene
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C C C H H H H H C H H H H H C C C C H H H H H H H H H H C C C C C C C C Butane iso -Butane CH 3 CH CH 2 CH CH 2 C H 3 CH 2 CH CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 Branched Chain Hydrocarbons
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C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H C H 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 C C C C C Shorthand Structures
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C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 C H 2 C H 2 = = Cyclic Hydrocarbons H H H H H H H H H H C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H Cyclohexane Cyclopentane
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Aromatic Hydrocarbons CH CH CH CH C H C H = = Benzene
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Heterocyclic Hydrocarbons O O N N N N NH N
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C H 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 C H 3 C CH 3 H CH 3 n -butane iso -butane Structural Isomers of C 4 H 10
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C H 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 H C C CH 3 H C H 3 H C C H CH 3 C H 3 n -butane cis -2-butene trans -2-butene cis-trans Isomerism
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Stereoisomerism
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CH 3 OH NH 2 SH O P O OH OH C O C H O C OH O C H 3 C O O O C C O C C C O NH C C C O methyl - hydrophobic hydroxyl- polar amine - basic sulfhydryl- smelly keto aldehyde carboxyl- acidic acetyl phosphoryl ether ester peptide Functional Groups
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H C OH H H C C H H H OH H H Methanol Ethanol O CH 2 OH O H OH OH OH α-D-glucose -OH (hydroxyl) groups -OH H bond donor H bond acceptor
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-NH 2 (amino groups) N H 3 + C COO- H R O CH 2 OH O H OH NH 2 OH Glucosamine H + R N H H R N + H H H + N H H H bond donors H bond acceptor
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Acetic Acid C H 3 COOH C C H 2 C H 2 O H COOH COOH COOH Citric Acid R C O OH R COOH R C O O - = + H + -COOH (carboxyl) groups
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Unformatted text preview: R C O OH R C O H R C O R 1 Carboxyl Aldehyde Ketone R C O NH 2 Amide Compounds with “carbonyl” (C=O) groups R C O N H R 1 R C O O R 1 C H 3 CH 2 O CH 2 CH 3 Amide Ester Ether Linkage Through Functional Groups Protein Carbohydrates Lipids, Nucleic acids Linkage Through Functional Groups O CH 2 OH OH OH OH OH O CH 2 OH OH OH OH OH O CH 2 OH OH OH OH O CH 2 OH OH OH OH O N H 3 + CH C O N CH 3 H CH C CH 3 O O-N H 3 + CH C O O-CH 3 N H 3 + CH C CH 3 O O--H 2 O C H 3 C OH O CH CH 2 CH 2 O H O H O H CH CH 2 CH 2 O O H O H C H 3 C O +-H 2 O-H 2 O R P O O OH O P OH O OH P OH O OH O H R P O O OH O P O O OH P OH O OH O H 2 ATP ADP inorganic phosphate Hydrolysis of ATP ΔG°´-30.5 kJ/mol...
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2 organic chem - R C O OH R C O H R C O R 1 Carboxyl...

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