bronfenbrenner in pdf - Running head BRONFENBRENNERS...

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Running head: BRONFENBRENNER’S ANALYSIS 1 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory of development. Bronfenbrenner model of influence consisted of five levels which are referred to as systems. He uses these levels to depict his theory of human development. Each of these levels will be analyzed and use to show how relevant they are to my personal decisions regarding obtaining a higher education. I will show how Bronfenbrenner’s theory has influenced my decision to enter graduate school and the impact that these levels had on my career goals within my area of specialization. This theory also focuses on the cohesiveness of the proximal process of the environment and the effect it has on a person’s development.
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BRONFENBRENNER’S ANALYSIS 2 Bronfenbrenner’s Analysis Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory of development is known as the Ecological Systems Theory. This theory specifies four types of nested environmental systems with bi-directional differences between and within the systems. Oswalt (2008) indicated that people bring their biological selves to the developmental process as recognized by Bronfenbrenner’s theory. His theory focuses on the changing relationship between an individual and his/her environment. Bronfenbrenner’s theory also focuses on how one’s developmental is based on the relationships that form his/her environment. One can still be nurtured, but the effects of the environment that he/she is in, can impact his/ her development (Oswalt, 2008). Development reflects the influences of several environmental systems, and these systems are the micro system, the mesosystem, exosystem and the macro system (Oswalt, 2008). The micro system is the setting where the individual resides, which consists of family, peers, schools and the neighborhood. It is within this system that the most direct interaction along with social agents takes place. The individual does not only takes the experiences of this setting but also helps to construct such setting. The interactions that the individual receives from this setting will have an impact on his/her development. When nurturing and encouragement is given to an individual, he or she can develop into a healthy adult. The mesosystem refers to the relation or connection between contexts. An example would be the relation between the family experiences, the experiences of peers, the school experiences and the church experiences (Santrock, 2008). In this system, if the individual was rejected by his/her caregiver, he or she will have a hard time developing positive relationships. This rejection can hinder the development of the individual. Therefore, playing an active role in
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BRONFENBRENNER’S ANALYSIS 3 the individual’s life can help with his/ her growth. At the same time, one must consider not only the family and peer microsystems but also the effect of the combined mesosystem. This is generally the effect of the conflict between the fam ily’s values and the peer group values on the individual’s development.
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