Yaunek MurrayPHI 2600 Divine Command Theory vs. Moral/Ethical RelativismIn moral theory, there are two interesting arguments in the area of ethics by authority. The divine command theory and ethical relativism, although both appealing in their own right, one may have stronger a foundation than the other. The divine command theory states that an action is obligatory if and only if God commands that we do the action, and that an action is wrong if and only if God commands that we not do the action. Moral relativism states that differing cultures abide by separate moral codes. Therefore entailing that, universally applicable moral norms do not exist. In the text, the divine command theory is seen as weak. The theory is vulnerable to what Mark Timmons refers to as the Euthyphro dilemma. The dilemma poses an unanswerable question: Is a certain action right because God says it is, or is it the case that God tells us to commit certain actions because they are right?
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