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Chris Lightfoot Section 3 History
The Neolithic Revolution was the gradual change from the hunter-gatherer way of
finding food to the growing and domestication of plants and animals. From 10,000-5000
B.C, this revolution, like most successful revolutions, opened possibilities of changing
the way people lived, from nomadic to stationary, tribes to small cities, and small cities to
civilizations. Hunter-gatherer societies became more and more complex, many tribes’
created stationary settlements, which created a population boom in these tribes
settlements. The need for food was greater than ever, which led these ancient people
towards domestication of specific foods. The first foods to be domesticated were thought
to be wheat and barley, for animal’s dogs, for they were very useful in hunting. After
wheat and barley came beans and other animals. The domestication of these animals and
plants sprouted up in Mesopotamia, on the Fertile Crescent. The Fertile Crescent, as
stated in the name, was a perfect place for this revolution to start, for the land and rainfall
was prime for agriculture. This area in the Middle East is where the first settlements
popped up, where agriculture was first invented.
The Neolithic Revolution was incredibly important to the people of the ancient
world, and to us living in present day. This event shaped human kind, as we know it now,
and created a new way of living, a higher life expectancy, birth rate, and the revolution
paved the way for civilizations and human societies and cultures.
The Amarna Reform
With great power comes great responsibility. It also brings power struggles, social
unrest, and addicted politicians.
In the fourteenth century B.C, kings, priests, and
authoritarian positions struggled over the reigning power of the Egyptian Kingdom.
Bloodshed and social unrest caused a need for reformations in the ancient Egypt world.
The leader of this reformation was King Amenhotep, the great grandson of Thutmose the
The rise of popularity and power of the god Amun-Re granted it the chief deity of
the New Kingdom. His priests had been rewarded with much land and wealth because of
the god’s newfound popularity, which made the priests more powerful then the actual
pharos of Egypt. The king replaced Amun-Re with the god of the sun disc, Aten, and
changed his name to Akhetaten (pleasing Aten).
The reform went on for years, but ended
with Akhetaten passing.
The Amarna Reform was a first for a handful of events in human history. The
reform was the first large uprising of a different religious sect, showing religion was
gaining power in the world of humans, and it was the first silencing of a religious
uprising. The Armarna Reform was most importantly the first power struggle between
church and state, in which we have debates and issues around the world with politics and
religious power in government.