HISTORY SHIT - 1 Compromise of 1877 After the civil war...

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1 Compromise of 1877 After the civil war making sure the south would go under reconstruction, leaving troops in the South to be watched, the south didn’t approve of the troops and wanted them out. Disputed election of 1876 Samuel J. Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio’s Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote, and had 184 electoral votes to Haye’s 165, with 20 votes uncounted. These twenty electoral votes were in dispute in three states: Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. Each party reported its candidate had won the state, while in Oregon one elector was declared illegal and replaced. The twenty disputed electoral votes were ultimately awarded to Hayes after a bitter legal and political battle, giving him the victory. Reconstruction How Lincoln’s death changed Reconstruction plans 10% Plan It decreed that a state could be reintegrated into the Union when 10% of the 1860 vote count from that state had taken an oath of allegiance to the US and pledged to abide by emancipation. The next step in the process would be for the states to formally elect a state government. Also, a state legislature could write a new constitution, but it also had to abolish slavery forever. Wade-Davis Bill 1864 was a program proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and Representative Hennery Winter Davis of Maryland. In contrast to President Abraham Lincoln’s more lenient 10% plan, the bill made re-admittance to the Union for former Confederate states contingent on a majority in each Southern state to take the Iron clad oath to the effect they had never in the past supported the Confederacy Black Codes Unofficial laws that limited blacks rights, and civil liberties. Controlled labor and migration of newly freed slaves. 13 th , 14 th , 15 th amendments Carpetbaggers A term southerners called northerners who moved to the south after the civil war. Scalawags Southern whites who supported reconstruction in the south after the civil war. Ku Klux Klan Started in the 1860’s but died out in the 1870’s, preformed hate acts on blacks such as lynching’s. The KKK flourished again in the 1920’s. “New South” (1870-1900) Supporters of the new south want to leave agricultural ways, transform into center of commerce and industry. New south boosters, Henry Grady (Atlanta) Henry Watterson (Kentucky) Growth of southern cities Slight growth of cities and industries, and railroad tracks. Changes in southern railroads Increase in railroad growth, but still nothing like the growth in the West. Southern ties to agriculture Most of the people still living in rural areas, still very agricultural. Deep ties to the past. Growth in manufacturing in the south
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2011 for the course HISTORY 222 taught by Professor Dr.courtwright during the Spring '11 term at Iowa State.

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HISTORY SHIT - 1 Compromise of 1877 After the civil war...

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