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Biological Anthropology Notes 2

Biological Anthropology Notes 2 - Biological Anthropology...

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Biological Anthropology Notes September 28, 2006 - Evolution o Change over time - Classified Greece o Plato Eidos Static view of world o Aristotle Plato’s most famous student Empiricism The Great Chain of Being The great truth in the world that we can investigate and discover Static - Middle Ages o Fixity of species o Believed that they were created - 1600’s o Scholarly investigations of change Archbishop James Ussher 4004 BC—the world was created John Lightfoot October 3 rd at 9 a.m. in 4004 BC Rene Descarte ‘I think, therefore I am’ Carolus Linneaus (1707-1779) Taxonomy Binomial nomenclature o Genus species Lamarck (1744-1829) Evolution through inheritance of acquired characteristics Great chain of being Use/disuse George Cuvier Comparative anatomist Father of paleontology Catastrophism James Hutton Uniformitarianism
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Sir Charles Lyell Father of geology Principles of Geology the first book on geology - Charles Darwin (1809-1882) o Biography o Born of wealthy parents o Studied medicine in college o Left college, blood made him queasy o Went to a Christian college to enter the clergy, and graduated o A professor from his old college nominated him to be a naturalist upon a ship that would sail the world and be gone for 5 years.
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